The generic nature of human beings and the ordered nature of the world in which we live tend to evoke very similar beliefs in all of us, which we have called universal beliefs. They include:
1. adherence to a law of noncontratidiction,
2. belief in a an external world of orderly processes,
3. belief in the existence of other persons who share our world and with whom we communicate and live,
4. and belief in also in some ultimate reality with which we must eventually reckon.
Beliefs such as these are a practical necessity if we are to think and function at all.
Arthur Holmes, Contours of a World View