Articles of Interest - Week of Oct 15

***TECHNOLOGY

The Pentagon is pushing technology that allows the possibility of super-soldiers that remotely control robots with their brains  The Atlantic 

Microsoft to make over 60,000 patents available to the Linux community & join the Open Innovation Network  Ars Techinica

I’m very sorry, but you’re going to have to learn to love the blockchain  Tech Crunch

Teaching Robots to be Comedians  1843

Why we can’t quit the QWERTY keyboard  MIT Tech Review 

At 10 trillion frames per second, this camera captures light in slow motion  Tech Crunch

Nearly a quarter of US households own a smart speaker, according to Nielsen The Verge 

A Drone-Flinging Cannon Proves UAVs Can Mangle Planes  Wired 

Why Gene Editing Will Create So Many Jobs  BBC 

 ***SOCIAL MEDIA  

How self-love got out of control Social media, reality TV, politics … has narcissism become the new normal?  The Guardian

Snapchat launches first slate of original shows  Axios 

The Teens Who Rack Up Thousands of Followers by Posting the Same Photo Every Day  The Atlantic 

An online decency moderator's advice: Blur your eyes  BBC  

People keep dying taking selfies, this study reveals how  The Next Web

Instagram Has a Massive Harassment Problem The Atlantic  

***INSTAGRAM

Why Instagram’s founders are resigning: independence from Facebook weakened  Tech Crunch 

Instagram Tests Tapping instead of Scrolling  Tech Crunch 

***FACEBOOK

Facebook to ban misinformation on voting in upcoming U.S. elections  Reuters

Facebook Hack Included Search History and Location Data of Millions  New York Times

Facebook prototypes Unsend 6 months after Zuckerberg retracted messages  Tech Crunch 

***MOBILE 

The smartphone app that can tell you’re depressed before you know it yourself  MIT Tech Review 

Google's cyber unit Jigsaw introduces Intra, a new security app dedicated to busting censorship Tech Crunch 

***JOURNALISM

We Can Use Robots But We Still Need Journalists  European Journalism Observatory  

How Journalists at Local and National Outlets Are Evolving Different Skill Sets  Harvard’s Nieman Reports  

“Press” offers a look at journalism’s wretched side  Economist

Do journalists pay too much attention to Twitter?  Columbia Journalism Review 

Longtime Archivists Outline What They've Learned From Watching Decades Of News  NPR 

2018 has been a brutal year for journalists  Washington Post  

The CIA had a policy of ignoring declassification requirements  MuckRock  

After Journalist Disappears, Companies Reconsider Saudi Investment NPR

***THE BUSINESS OF JOURNALISM 

Bloomberg Media is using text-to-audio to keep app users engaged  Digiday

Is Blockchain The Future Of Journalism? Two Entrepreneurs Take A Chance  Forbes 

***TEACHING JOURNALISM 

U. of I. journalism class to study 'Trumpaganda' — the president's approach to the news media Chicago Tribune

What to Teach Journalism Students When Their Field is Under Attack? Editor & Publisher

***FAKE NEWS

Deepfake Videos Are Getting Real and That’s a Problem  Wall Street Journal

The Viral Story About A Competitive Barefoot Runner Demanding People Sweep Up Acorns Is A Hoax  BuzzFeed News

Memo to the media: Stop spreading Trump’s fake news (opinion)   Washington Post

The University of Michigan Center for Social Media Responsibility has released a tool called the "Iffy Quotient" to track the prevalence of misinfo spread on Facebook and Twitter  Univ. of Michigan 

CBS sees surge in US Flat Earthers who say there’s no rover on Mars: ‘Most people think we’re idiots’ Raw Story 
https://www.rawstory.com/2018/10/cbs-sees-surge-us-flat-earthers-say-theres-no-rover-mars-people-think-idiots/

The Fix for Fake News Isn't Code: It's Human  New York Times

How pro-trust initiatives are taking over the Internet  Axios

Kyrie Irving apologizes to US teachers for spreading flat-earth conspiracy theories  Quartz

Sasse warns of deepfake "perfect storm"  Axios

***BIG DATA & AI  

M.I.T. Plans College for Artificial Intelligence, Backed by $1 Billion  New York Times

Machine Learning fails simple test for children—what it will take to get past an Achilles’ heel of computer vision systems  Quanta Magazine 

Here’s why a few simple rules are often more effective than flashy AI  Axios

The Pentagon is pushing technology that allows the possibility of super-soldiers that remotely control robots with their brains  The Atlantic 

The value of big data/analytics/AI doesn’t come from collecting the data or deriving insight from it —value comes through action  CIO 

No, quantum computing isn’t going to revolutionize AI anytime soon—and that’s according to a panel of experts in both fields  MIT Tech Review 

 ***PERSONAL GROWTH  

Our Kids are Watching Us  Becoming (my blog)

***GRAMMAR

It’s time to talk about “It’s”  The Outline

***WRITING & READING

Stephen King’s 20 Rules for Writers  Open Culture 

A sensible, free guide to negotiating book contracts  BoingBong

***LANGUAGE

Mapping the geographical usage of pop versus soda

When My Class Discussed ‘Mischievious’  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Coca-Cola, trying to mix Maori with English, accidentally puts "Hello, death" on vending machine  BongBong

***LITERATURE

25 National Book Award finalists announced  NPR 

A prestigious university just awarded a literary prize to one of its janitors  Quartz  

Inside the Rooms Where 20 Famous Books Were Written  Literary Hub

How Instagram Saved Poetry  The Atlantic 

Why Should You Read Don Quixote?: An Animated Video Makes the Case   Open Culture 

***GENDER   

New York City creates gender-neutral 'X' option for birth certificates  Reuters

A Deaf Jewish, Asian, Trans Model Just Made History  The Forward 

Amazon scraps secret AI recruiting tool that showed bias against women  Reuters

First-Year Law Students’ Reported Ranking Female Peers by Appearance in Private Group Chat The Cornell Daily Sun  

Here’s what the stark gender disparity among top orchestra musicians looks like  Quartz

***RACE & ETHNICITY ISSUES 

California has a racist past. But removing monuments sparks debate about how to reflect an ugly history  Los Angeles Times

DNA databases are too white: This man aims to fix that MIT Tech Review

***FREE SPEECH

Elon University event highlights First Amendment rights  The Times News

50 Years Later, Raised Fists During National Anthem Still Resonate NPR

***LEGAL ISSUES 

Why is a Lisbon soccer team trying to unmask Portuguese bloggers in US court?  Ars Techica

Did Uber Steal Google’s Intellectual Property?  The New Yorker

Stairway To Heaven Is Not Blurred Lines  Tech Dirt

***PRIVACY & SECURITY 

The Employer Surveillance State: The more bosses try to keep track of their workers, the more precious time employees waste trying to evade them  The Atlantic

New Pentagon weapons systems can easily be hacked  Phys.org

It Took 9 Seconds to Guess a DoD Weapons System Password   Wired  

We Are All Research Subjects Now - The Chronicle of Higher Education  Chronicle of Higher Ed

A Guide to Law Enforcement Spying Technology  Electronic Frontier Foundation 

No One Can Get Cybersecurity Disclosure Just Right  Wired  

***PRODUCING MEDIA

The iPad Is Soon, Finally, Getting a Full Version of Adobe Photoshop  Gizmodo

***INTERNET

The Internet’s keepers? Wayback Machine Director Mark Graham outlines the scale of everyone's favorite archive  Ars Technica

DuckDuckGo hits new milestone of 30 million private searches per day  The Verge

Dropbox will now scan your images for text  The Verge

Oral History of the Early Days of ICANN: A Perspective From Europe  Circle ID  

***RELIGION

Texas evangelical groups are suing for the right to discriminate against LGBTQ workers Vox 

The US witch population has seen an astronomical rise  Quartz

Millennial Men on Joining, and Then Leaving, the Priesthood  MEL Magazine

Why 3 Christian pastors seek to join 5-member Corona City Council in November  The Press-Enterprise 

***RELIGION OUTSIDE THE U.S. 

U.S. Pastor Released From Turkey After Spending 2 Years In Prison  NPR

China gives legal basis for ‘re-education camps’ for ‘religious extremists’  South China Morning Post 

New Embassy In Jerusalem Attracts Devout Christians From The U.S.  NPR 

***RELIGION AND U.S. POLITICS

'I love him so much I can hardly explain it': Evangelical leaders praise Trump after pastor's release  Politico 

Freed Pastor Brunson thanks Trump in White House meeting  MSNBC 

***GOOD NEWS

Canada surgeon operates on teddy bear for 8-year-old boy  BBC 

Wounded Army vet makes it to the top of Mount Kilimanjaro  CBS News

School social worker writes notes of encouragement to all 600 of his students  Lancaster Eagle Gazette

NYC library lets job seekers check out interview attire  New York Times

New pilot takes elderly residents of his village on their first flight ever  The Times of India 

Toddler in need of a new liver and kidney gets both right before her birthday  ABC News

Soldier Whose House Was Looted Gives Away Money Raised for Him  People  

Texas Boy Thought to Be Nonverbal Can Speak After Dentist Discovers He's 'Tongue-Tied'  Inside Edition

***ART & DESIGN

New font is designed to boost your memory  Cnet 

White supremacists are taking their design seriously—and we should, too  Quartz

A map of every building in America  New York Times 

That Painting of Trump Having a Diet Coke With Abraham Lincoln Is Now Hanging in the White House  TIME 

Buckminster Fuller Creates Striking Posters of His Own Inventions  Open Culture

***MUSIC 

Leonard Cohen wrote a poem called “Kanye West Is Not Picasso”  Consequence of Sound

Trump Signs Sweeping New Music Licensing Legislation  Variety

The ridiculous amount of money baby-boomer rockers still make on tour  Quarz

Why are so many rappers on LinkedIn?  The Guardian

When Lyft passengers find out their driver is actually Chance the Rapper  BongBong

 ***FILM

More and More Movies Are Reflecting Our Fear of the Internet  Wired

‘Call Me By Your Name’ Director Plans Film Inspired by Bob Dylan’s ‘Blood on the Tracks’ Rolling Stone

***THE BUSINESS OF MEDIA  

Spotify Launches New Program for Podcasters  Variety  

The Growth of Sinclair’s Conservative Media Empire  The New Yorker

***STUDENT LIFE

Police release body camera videos of college students being pulled over at gunpoint  Yahoo 

Social media videos designed to inspire millennials to help fill more than 200 officer vacancies Union Tribune  

For millennials, a regular visit to the doctor’s office is not a primary concern  Washington Post 

Michigan high school cheerleader gives out pot brownies in exchange for homecoming votes  Freep

How to Get Fortnite on Any Android Phone Now  Life Hacker

The Cornell Note-Taking System: Learn the Method Students Have Used to Enhance Their Learning Since the 1940s  Open Culture 

***JOBS & INTERNSHIPS

Producer  Tribune Media, San Diego

Local News Team  The Herald, Rancho Cucamonga

Reporter (entry level)  Woodland Daily Democrat, Woodland

Social Media Intern  Illumina, San Diego

***SEXUAL HARASSMENT & ASSAULT  

Anonymous Website Aims to Out Sexual Assaulters at U. of Washington  Chronicle of Higher Ed  

After a year of #MeToo, American opinion has shifted against victims  Economist

Coming To The Right Answer By Themselves: Talking With Boys About Sexual Assault  NPR

Amid #MeToo, New York Employers Face Strict New Sexual Harassment Laws  NPR

#MeToo hashtag used over 19 million times on Twitter  Axios

How 3 Colleges Changed Their Sexual-Assault Practices in Response to a National Survey  Chronicle of Higher Ed

***VOTING

What to Do If You Get Turned Away at the Polls  Life Hacker

Young Voters Might Actually Show Up At The Polls This Year FiveThirtyEight

***SOCIAL ISSUES 

With Kavanaugh Confirmed, Both Sides Of Abortion Debate Gear Up For Battle  NPR

5 facts about U.S. suburbs  Pew Research Center  

Deported parents may lose kids to adoption  Associated Press  

Migrant Children in Search of Justice: A 2-Year-Old’s Day in Immigration Court  New York Times

Selfie deaths: 259 people reported dead seeking the perfect picture  BBC

***BUSINESS & FINANCE 

Tech Workers Now Want to Know: What Are We Building This For? New York Times

Uber drivers and other gig economy workers are earning half what they did five years ago Recode 

If you do any of these things online, you could hurt your credit  MSNBC

The Dark Reason So many Millennials are miserable and broke  Moneyish 

From scoreboards to trackers, games have infiltrated work, serving as spies, overseers and agents of social control  Aeon 

***ENVIRONMENT

How to Write About a Vanishing World Scientists chronicling ecological destruction must confront the loss of their life’s work and our planet’s riches  The New Yorker

'Hyperalarming' study shows massive insect loss  The Washington Post 

Among the Ruins of Mexico Beach Stands One House, Built ‘for the Big One’  New York Times

***HEALTH 

If Your Medical Information Becomes A Moneymaker, Could You Get A Cut?  NPR  

Mapping out the nation's opioid crisis county-by-county  Visual Capitalist

***HEALTH: RESEARCH 

Human Retinas Grown In A Dish Reveal Origin Of Color Vision  NPR  

An elusive molecule that sparks multiple sclerosis may have been found  Science Mag

Mosquitoes Genetically Modified To Crash Species That Spreads Malaria  NPR

***HEALTH: PREVENTION 

Sleep: how much do we really need?  The Guaridan  

Vitamin D Supplements Don’t Lead to Stronger Bones  New York Times

***HEALTH: CHILDREN

The average sticker price for U.S. childbirth: $32,093  Axios 

Number of babies born with syphilis has more than doubled since 2013  USA Today  

More kids are going without vaccines  Axios

***FOOD

New Swedish Museum Spotlights World's Most Disgusting Food  NPR

All 50 states, ranked by their food  Thrilist 

Millennials Kill Again. The Latest Victim? American Cheese  Bloomberg

The banana is dying. The race is on to reinvent it before it's too late  Wired

***ANIMALS

Wild chimpanzees share food with friends  Max Planck Society    

Spitfire the whippet jumps 31 feet, sets a new world record for dogs (w/ video)  SB Nation 

Goats will make return to Anaheim – for yoga, not Disneyland  OC Register

More than 100 mountain goats removed from Olympic National Park   The Olympian 

Americans spend $70 billion on pets, and that money could do more good (opinion)  The Conversation

***PSYCHOLOGY 

Why Modern Clinical Psychology May Be in Trouble  Psychology Today 

Reunite After Separation at Birth: An Unethical Psychology Experiment Separates Families  The Atlantic

How to Support Someone Who's Had a Miscarriage, Explained By Redditors  Life Hacker

How to Help Girls With ADHD  Life Hacker

***NEUROSCIENCE  

The heroes of science who are unlocking the brain  Popular Mechanics 

Humans Are Hardwired to Tell History in Stories. Neuroscience Tells Us Why We Get Them Wrong TIME

***PHILOSOPHY

The History of Philosophy Visualized in an Interactive Timeline  Open Culture 

Meet the philosopher behind “the good place”  Quartz 

***PRODUCTIVITY

The lost art of concentration: being distracted in a digital world  The Guardian\

***HISTORY 

The creepiest urban legend in every state  Thrillist 

Only 1 in 3 Americans would pass the U.S. citizenship test  Las Vegas Sun

The Library of Congress Launches the National Screening Room, Putting Online Hundreds of Historic Films Open Culture

The Best Overall History Podcast Is 'In Our Time'  Life Hacker 

***ETHICS

How Americans Described Evil Before Hitler  The Atlantic

Codes of ethics probably don’t work Fast Company

***RESEARCH 

The extremely mad professors:Why 3 academics wrote 20 whole fake papers and think other people got played  The Outline  

How to write a thorough peer review  Nature 

Researcher Requests for Inappropriate Analysis and Reporting  Annals of Internal Medicine   

An Ethics of the System: Talking to Scientists About Research Integrity  Springer

US courts of appeal cases frequently misinterpret p-values and statistical significance: an empirical study  OSF 

Ex-researcher who stole funds sentenced to play piano  Stat News

Was cancer scientist fired for challenging lab chief over authorship?  Science Mag

***HIGHER ED

Report: 4 Million Californians Left College Without Earning a Degree  Inside Higher Ed 

Confidence in Higher Education Down Since 2015  Gallup

Jerry Falwell Jr.: President Trump freed Pastor Brunson from Turkey because Trump is a good and moral person  Fox News

***TEACHING 

How to Improve Your Teaching-Philosophy Statement  Chronicle of Higher Ed

One Way to Help Students Become Knowledge Creators  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Our Kids are Watching Us

I do a lot of surveys with people between the ages of 20 and 40, and I ask them to describe who they are now and to reflect on their childhood. Now, we have to be very clear that this is a very imperfect method of getting data about people’s childhoods, because there are all kinds of memory biases. But one of the most consistent findings is the association between the person’s current level of materialism and how they perceived their parents using things when they were growing up.

So in other words, parents who act in ways that value things, parents who make a lot of sacrifices to get a lot of things, parents who get a lot of joy from buying things, parents who talk a lot about things—they tend to have adult children who act the same way. Now, part of this is probably some bias as people recall their childhoods, but I don’t think that’s all of it. The helpful thing for parents here—and also the harmful—is yes, peers are really important, but our kids are watching us. Our kids are learning from us. A lot of what kids take to be normal comes from what they see us doing. Kids are going to learn what their relationship with products should be by looking at our relationship with products.  

Marsha Richin quoted in The Atlantic

a Well-Meaning Lie?

When caught lying (paternalistically or otherwise), people often defend themselves by saying they lied to protect the other person. But before lying to protect someone’s interests or feelings, ask yourself not only whether you are lying to protect them, but also whether that person would believe your lie was well-intended if they found out. In several studies, we found that people were not likely to believe paternalistic lies were well-intended, and reacted poorly to these lies even when the liar communicated good intentions. However, people were more likely to believe that paternalistic lies were well-intended when they were told by people who knew them well or had reputations as helpful, kind people.  

Even though paternalistic lies are often well-intentioned, if uncovered, they will usually backfire. Lying may be helpful when there is no ambiguity about the resulting benefits for those on the receiving end. But in most other circumstances, honesty is the best policy.    

Adam Eric Greenberg, Emma E. Levine, Matthew Lupoli writing in the Harvard Business Review 

Articles of Interest - Oct. 8

 ***TECHNOLOGY

The Robots Are Coming To Las Vegas  NPR 

New satellite technology may lead to faster internet  Axios

California passes law that bans default passwords in connected devices  TechCrunch

How Good — And How Secure — Is Facial Recognition Technology?  NPR

History of IoT (graphic)  Daily Infographic 

***BIG DATA & AI 

A new neural network framework claims to be faster and require less training than rivals  ZD Net

U.S. trails behind Russia, China in organizing militarily in space  Axios 

Call it self-automation, or auto-automation if you like—what to do when coders automate their duties, who should reap the benefits  The Atlantic 

 ***SOCIAL MEDIA 

Understanding owned social content is key to an effective social media strategy  Nielson

Google+ to shut down after security bug  CNN

***FACEBOOK 

Why You Shouldn’t Use Facebook to Log In to Other Sites  New York Times

Facebook is making a video camera  Tech Crunch

The new Facebook hoax you should know about  10 News

The Facebook hack exposes an internet-wide failure  Wired 

***MOBILE  

The Presidential Text Alert Has a Long, Strange History  Wired 

How to ‘turn off’ the presidential text alert test  Wired 

Cult of Mac’s 50 Essential iOS Apps [The complete list, sorted!]  Cult of Mac

***INTERNET

See what we searched for over the past two decades  20 years 

Netflix Consumes 15% of the World's Internet Bandwidth  Variety***PERSONAL GROWTH 

Intelligence and personality can be developed  Becoming (my blog)

In Praise of Mediocrity  New York Times 

 ***THE BUSINESS OF MEDIA  

Ad industry finally embraces privacy rules  Axios  

Billboards — yes, billboards — are having a heyday in a digital world  Recode

***JOURNALISM

Want razor-sharp focus in your audio stories? This group activity can help  NPR

The Washington Times settles lawsuit with Seth Rich's brother, issues retraction and apology for its coverage  CNN 

A Reporter Who Wore A MAGA Hat While Covering A Trump Rally Has Been Fired  BuzzFeed News

Newsroom employees earn less than other college-educated US workers  Pew Research Center

ProPublica's experimental journalism  Wired 

A beginner's guide to joining NYC's journalism community

***JOURNALISM OUTSIDE THE U.S.

Bulgarian TV host Victoria Marinova raped and killed  Committee to Protect Journalists  

What To Know About The Mysterious Disappearance Of Saudi Journalist Jamal Khashoggi  Digg

Journalist’s Expulsion From Hong Kong ‘Sends a Chilling Message’  New York Times  

***THE BUSINESS OF JOURNALISM

This is the state of nonprofit news in 2018  Harvard’s Nieman Lab 

Tronc changing name back to Tribune Publishing  Chicago Tribune 

***FAKE NEWS

How the Kavanaugh information war mirrors real warzones  Wired 

More research suggests that Twitter’s fake news “strategy” is either ineffective or nonexistent  Nieman Journalism Lab 

Daniel Radcliffe and the Art of the Fact-Check:  Researching his role in “The Lifespan of a Fact,” the actor embeds in The New Yorker’s fact-checking department  New Yorker 

Even the best AI for spotting fake news is still terrible  MIT Technology Review  

***GRAMMAR

‘Different Than’ or ‘Different From’: Which Should You Say?  Chronicle of Higher Ed

***LITERATURE

William Faulkner was really bad at being a postman  Lit Hub

The Chronicles of Narnia being made into new movies by Netflix  Entertainment Weekly

Sikh Poet Jasmin Kaur calls out white feminists for co-opting her work  Daily Dot  

Mary Shelley’s Obsession with the Cemetery  Jstor

***GENDER   

Viral video of Russian woman bleaching manspreaders was anti-feminist propaganda  The Verge

Instagram Now Home to Classic Feminist Literature  New York Times

Female Nobel prize winner deemed not important enough for Wikipedia entry  South China Morning Post 

Largest wave surfed – female  Guinness World Records

CERN suspends physicist over remarks on gender bias  Nature 

***RACE & ETHNICITY ISSUES

Iowa State University paid $100,000 to settle a former tennis player's civil-rights complaint  Iowa State Daily  

The Legendary Black Surfer Who Challenged Stereotypes  Atlas Obscura
https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/who-is-nick-gabaldon-surfer

***DIVERSITY

Explore new data on the race, ethnicity, and gender of students at more than 4,300 colleges and universities  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Building Diversity in Science, One Interaction at a Time  Undark 

***LEGAL ISSUES 

A look at an anonymous sexual-assault-accusations website and the issue of libel  Dynamics of Writing 

Media asks Tennessee high court to boost press protection  Fox 13

UK Copyright if there’s no Brexit deal  The 1709 Blog 

Blogger Defeats Defamation Claims Over Posts Claiming a “Scam”  Technology & Marketing Law Blog

***RELIGION

The Night Missionaries Smuggled One Million Bibles into China  Mental Floss

America’s clergy are teaming up with scientists  Wired 

Paige Patterson, ousted Baptist seminary leader, to teach ethics course  Religion News Service 

'God Friended Me' a CBS faith-based comedy  Washington Times

The Christian Broadcasting Network launches CBN News Channel  Religion News Service

Bayesian inference and religious belief  Andrew Gelman Blog 

***RELIGION AND POLITICS

Christian Zionism  Aeon

Christian nationalism, explained through one pro-Trump propaganda film  Vox

***GOOD NEWS 

Local woman, 85, is world's oldest trapeze artist  Union-Tribune

The Sometimes Stranger: Night after night, this Plano man visits his wife with Alzheimer's  Dallas News

Couple that met as kids at St. Jude's gets married there nearly 30 years later  People  

First-grader unable to play outside forms special bond with school resource officer  WKRG

Soldier Whose House Was Looted Gives Away Money Meant for Him  People 

***ANIMALS

Injured Turtle Gets Around With the Help of Custom Wheelchair Made of Legos  Inside Edition

Does it really matter if one animal goes extinct?  Phys Org

***ART & DESIGN

Roald Dahl's Matilda confronts Donald Trump in new statue  CNN 

Meet The MacArthur Fellow Disrupting Racism In Art  NPR

What's The Tallest We Could Theoretically Construct A Building?  Digg

How Jackson Pollock became so overrated (video) 

A Giant Mural of Robin Williams Goes Up in Chicago  Open Culture 

***BANKSY 

Banksy painting 'self-destructs' moments after being sold for $1.4 million at auction  CNN

Banksy show us how he destroyed his art (video)

***SPORTS  

U.S. Charges 7 Russian Intelligence Officers With Hacking 40 Sports And Doping Groups  NPR

***STUDENT MEDIA  

OU College of Law associate dean resigns amid controversy surrounding views published in 2014 book  OU Daily 

***STUDENT LIFE 

College students with preschool-aged children are twice as likely as their childless classmates to drop out of college  Taylor & Francis  

Life After College is Weird: advice on navigating the postgraduate world  New York Times 

‘Selfie’: One Word to Characterize a Generation  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Graduates Are Told They Can Do Anything With Their Degrees. Is That Why They Feel Lost?  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Ohio State plans esports program across 5 colleges  Education Dive

***JOBS & INTERNSHIPS

Create a ‘Personal Brand,’ and Other Tips Learned During a Day With a Recruiter  Chronicle of Higher Ed

The Key to Career Growth: Surround Yourself with People Who Will Push You  Harvard Business Review

Here are more than 80 journalism internships and fellowships  Poynter 

The Washington Post and Instagram launch a midterm elections fellowship for student journalists  Washington Post

***SEXUAL HARASSMENT & ASSAULT  

Dear dads: Your daughters told me about their assaults: This is why they never told you  Washington Post

How Police Investigate Sex Crimes  NPR  

How Daughters Are Talking To Their Fathers About Sexual Assault  NPR

Shamed into silence: Female journalists are disproportionately targeted for sexual harassment and assault — and I'm proof  Poynter 

How Minnesota’s criminal justice system often fails victims of rape and sexual assault Minneapolis  Star Tribune  

***#METOO

After One Year Of Headlines, #MeToo Is Everywhere  NPR

The 84 cases that defined the first year of #MeToo  Vice 

***SEXUAL HARASSMENT & ASSAULT ON CAMPUS 

Student-created website allowing for anonymous sexual assault allegations vulnerable to defamation charges  The Daily (Univ of WA student newspaper) 

TCU fires back after conservative comedian proclaims rape culture is a myth  Star-Telegram

Professor blasted for saying sexual assault is a prerequisite for manhood  New York Post

Students protest professor's 'satirical' blog on sexual assault  Fox-5

Rutgers refuses to investigate some sexual harassment claims. Are students at risk?  New Jersey.com  

A high schooler in Texas accuses two other students of raping her: Few believed her.  Her hometown turned against her. The authorities failed her.  Washington Post

***SEXUAL ASSAULT & THE KAVANAUGH HEARING

Brett Kavanaugh And The Problem With #BelieveSurvivors  NPR

The junk science Republicans used to undermine Ford and help save Kavanaugh (opinion)  Washington Post  

Every time Ford and Kavanaugh dodged a question, in one chart  Vox

***SOCIAL ISSUES 

In Louisiana, You Can Be Sent Away for Life Even If Jurors Say You’re Innocent  Mother Jones

 ***VOTING 

Interactive on how easy (or hard) it is to vote in every state  Washington Post 

5 Things You Need to Know About 2018 Election Security  Voice of America 

***BUSINESS & FINANCE

MBA applications in the US have fallen for the fourth year in a row  Quartz

Visualizing the World's Tech Giants 2018  How Much 

***ENVIRONMENT

Climate scientists are struggling to find the right words for very bad news  Washington Post 

Major Climate Report Describes a Strong Risk of Crisis as Early as 2040  New York Times

***HEALTH

What the Mens’ Calf Size Says About Their Health, According to Science  Fatherly 

How long different drugs stay in your body  IFL Science

How Gym Selfies Are Quietly Changing the Way We Work Out  GQ

Climate and city density key factors governing flu outbreaks: Study  Axios  

A Surgeon So Bad It Was Criminal  Propublica 

***HEALTH & WEIGHT

A lack of insurance is leading more Americans to have weight loss surgery in Mexico  Vox

Everything You Know About Obesity Is Wrong  The Huffington Post

***FOOD 

Where Did the Taco Come From?  Smithsonian Magazine 

Over one-third of US adults eat fast food at least once a day  CDC

FDA Bans Use of 7 Synthetic Food Additives After Environmental Groups Sue  NPR

***PARENTING 

Raised by YouTube: The platform’s entertainment for children is weirder—and more globalized—than adults could have expected  The Atlantic 

Ending Sexual Violence by Raising Better Boys  Slate 

***SCIENCE

Watch Scientists Accidentally Blow Up Their Lab With The Strongest Indoor Magnetic Field Ever  Mother Board

All the planets we've found in the Milky Way — so far  Axios

***PSYCHOLOGY 

I Suffer From Depression and Have PTSD Symptoms  Medium

The Psychological Make-Up of Conspiracy Theorists New research identifies pro-conspiracy ways to see and understand the world  Psychology Today 

***NEUROSCIENCE   

How much control do you really have over your actions? These brain regions provide clues   Science Mag

Best Brain Game To Stave Off Alzheimer's Could Be Your Job  NPR

***PHILOSOPHY

A philosopher explains how our addiction to stories keeps us from understanding history  The Verge

***RESEARCH 

A trio’s systematic trolling of journals yields seven accepted papers  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

'Real' fake research hoodwinks US journals  AFP 

A New Series on Scholarly Productivity: ‘Are You Writing?  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Academic Grievance Studies and the Corruption of Scholarship  Areo Magazine

Why it’s so difficult to correct the scientific record  Less Likely 

How a failed psoriasis study pushed a whole field forward  Salon

What the ‘Conceptual Penis’ Hoax Does and Does Not Prove  Chronicle of Higher Ed

***HIGHER ED

Universities roll out digital student IDs  10 News

UWM is bleeding faculty, but its budget is balanced for the first time since 2012  Journal Sentinel

Hey, Alexa, Should We Bring Virtual Assistants to Campus? These Colleges Gave Them a Shot  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

We Are Building the Most Inclusive, Exclusive Colleges in America!  McSweeney’s 

***CHRISTIAN SCHOOLS 

Meet the activists creating safe spaces for LGBTQ students at the nation’s most conservative colleges  Medium 

Brad Paisley and wife team with Christian university to open free grocery store for those in Nashville  World Religion News

Saint Mary's College president abruptly resigns  South Bend Tribune

This SoCal Christian College Supported Gay Relationships: Then It Abruptly Changed Its Mind  LAist 

***TEACHING

What to Do About Contract Cheating  Campus Technology 

Furor Over Blended and Active Learning  Inside Higher Ed 

Survey: 1 in 4 Professors Ban Mobile Phone Use in Class  Campus Technology

5 Tips for Using Multiple-Choice Tests to Bolster Learning  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Updating pedagogy for the mobile phone era  Small Pond Science

***ACADEMIC LIFE  

Meet the Academics Who Nabbed This Year’s MacArthur ‘Genius’ Grants  Chronicle of Higher Ed

USC Students rally, call for firing of professor after controversial email  Daily Trojan

For Some Scholars, a Full Professorship Calls for ‘a Lot of Paperwork’ That ‘Doesn’t Mean Anything’  Chronicle of Higher Ed
 

Intelligence and personality can be developed

A “fixed mindset” assumes that our character, intelligence, and creative ability are static givens which we can’t change in any meaningful way, and success is the affirmation of that inherent intelligence, an assessment of how those givens measure up against an equally fixed standard; striving for success and avoiding failure at all costs become a way of maintaining the sense of being smart or skilled. 

A “growth mindset,” on the other hand, thrives on challenge and sees failure not as evidence of unintelligence but as a heartening springboard for growth and for stretching our existing abilities. Out of these two mindsets, which we manifest from a very early age, springs a great deal of our behavior, our relationship with success and failure in both professional and personal contexts, and ultimately our capacity for happiness.

The “growth mindset” creates a passion for learning rather than a hunger for approval. Its hallmark is the conviction that human qualities like intelligence and creativity, and even relational capacities like love and friendship, can be cultivated through effort and deliberate practice. Not only are people with this mindset not discouraged by failure, but they don’t actually see themselves as failing in those situations — they see themselves as learning.

Maria Popova writing in BrainPickings

Conversation Hogs

We’ve all been involved in those irritating conversations where we never seem to be able to get a word in edgewise. Unfortunately, we may have been on the other side, too. Mr. Post Senning said it was crucial to “share the conversation pie. Share half if there are two of you, a quarter if there are four. The share of the pie is never as large as what involves you listening.” 

To be a true conversation superstar, try these tips: 

• Be attentive and give eye contact.

• Make active and engaged expressions.

• Repeat back what you’ve heard, and follow up with questions. 

• If you notice something you want to say, don’t say it. Challenge it and go back to listening. 

• For bonus points, wait an hour to bring up that thing you didn’t say earlier.

And keep in mind that when you say something declarative, seek out the other person’s opinion as well.

“If I say, ‘The Jets don’t stand a chance,’ I’m entitled to my opinion, but I have to say, ‘What do you think?’ afterward,” Ms. Fine said. “You don’t want to be a conversational bully.”

Jen Doll writing in the New York Times

The importance of doing things solely because we enjoy them

We are all so very busy. Between work and family and social obligations, where are we supposed to find the time for hobbies?    

But there’s a deeper reason, I’ve come to think, that so many people don’t have hobbies: We’re afraid of being bad at them. Or rather, we are intimidated by the expectation — itself a hallmark of our intensely public, performative age — that we must actually be skilled at what we do in our free time. Our “hobbies,” if that’s even the word for them anymore, have become too serious, too demanding, too much an occasion to become anxious about whether you are really the person you claim to be.   

 If you’re a jogger, it is no longer enough to cruise around the block; you’re training for the next marathon. If you’re a painter, you are no longer passing a pleasant afternoon, just you, your watercolors and your water lilies; you are trying to land a gallery show or at least garner a respectable social media following. When your identity is linked to your hobby — you’re a yogi, a surfer, a rock climber — you’d better be good at it, or else who are you?  

Tim Wu writing in the New York Times 

Articles of Interest - Week of Oct. 1

***TECHNOLOGY

How algorithms are controlling your life And why you should probably pay closer attention  Vox 

The secret data collected by dockless bikes is helping cities map your movement  MIT Technology Review 

Will L.A.’s Anti-Terrorist Subway Scanners Be Adopted Everywhere?  Scientific American

Internet, social media use and device ownership in U.S. have plateaued after years of growth  Pew Research Center 

Google teams up with T-Mobile on more-accurate 911 location data  Cnet  

Are Delivery Drones Commercially Viable? Iceland Is About to Find Out  IEEE Spectrum 

Voice Phishing Scams Are Getting More Clever  Krebson Security 

***TECHNOLOGY & POLITICS  

US mid-terms: Hackers expose  BBC  

Justice Department Sues California To Block State's Net Neutrality Law  NPR 

***JOURNALISM 

Partisans Remain Sharply Divided in Their Attitudes About the News Media  Journalism.org

Neo-Nazi activist behind racist robocalls linked to threats of Idaho newspaper  The Guardian  

As marijuana goes mainstream, reporters wrestle with terminology  Columbia Journalism Review 

How cable news networks covered the Kavanaugh-Ford hearing  Washington Post 

New target for POLITICO: California  Politico  

How social media and engagement roles came to newsrooms Sarah Marshall  

How to get reluctant sources to talk on the record  Andrew Seaman

WashPost adds editor’s note on child molester article, says man had ‘sex with’ child instead of rape  iMediaEthics

***THE BUSINESS OF JOURNALISM

What will happen when newspapers kill print and go online-only? Most of that print audience will just…disappear  Harvard Nieman Lab  

Apple News is giving the media everything it wants—except money  Slate   

Oklahoman sells to GateHouse Media, lays off several newsroom staffers  Poynter

Most Western Europeans get news from TV as print reading lags  Pew Research Center

***FAKE NEWS

Tracking Down Fake Videos  NPR 

Billionaire LA Times owner: 'Fake news' and how it spreads a cancer  CNBC

A master class in how to verify a video using digital tools Columbia Journalism Review

Why Humans Are Bad At Spotting Lies  FiveThirtyEight  

Why A New Fake News Law In Singapore Could Be A Big Test For Facebook, Google, And Twitter BuzzFeed News

***BIG DATA & AI 

AI may not be bad news for workers-a new report argues there’s no need to fear the software..in the end it can help them with their jobs  Economist  

Cheat Sheets for AI, Neural Networks, Machine Learning, Deep Learning & Big Data  Becoming Human 

Companies are over-using complex AI techniques when they would be better served with simpler approaches  Axios

 ***SOCIAL MEDIA 

Why Snap will get acquired before 2020, probably by Amazon  Recode

Facebook discloses “security issue” affecting 50 million accounts  Axios

***PRIVACY & SECURITY  

That sign telling you how fast you’re driving may be spying on you  Quartz 

Facebook Is Giving Advertisers Access to Your Shadow Contact Information  Gizmodo 

Keep Your Data Secure With Mozilla's Newest Tools  Life Hacker  

A Small Google Chrome Change Stirs a Big Privacy Controversy  Wired 

No Cash Needed At This Cafe. Students Pay The Tab With Their Personal Data  NPR

***INTERNET

Surprising SEO A/B Test Results - Whiteboard Friday  Moz  

Internet Inventer Tim Berners-Lee wants to remake the web to help you protect your data MIT Technology Review

***PERSONAL GROWTH  

The False Loops of Social Media  Becoming (my blog)

***WRITING & READING

Boys Don’t Read Enough  The Atlantic 

How to identify anonymous prose Forget lodestars and concentrate on the fingerprints  Economist 

6 Tips to Shape Up Your Writing  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

***LANGUAGE

A Cliché With Staying Power  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

Yowza! 300 new words added to Scrabble dictionary  The Guardian

From Criminal Slang to Modern Acceptability: ‘Kibosh’  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

‘Himpathy’ Is a Societal Illness. But at Least We Have a Word for It  Chronicle of Higher Ed  

What’s the Fastest-Growing Language in the U.S.? You’ll Never Guess  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

How the English Failed to Stamp Out the Scots Language Against all odds, 28 percent of Scottish people still use it Atlas Obscura 

***LITERATURE

A Man Reads ‘Little Women’ (Continued)  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

Reimaging Homer: In “The Silence of the Girls”, a captured woman becomes the main character Economist 

Flannery O'Connor Renders Her Verdict on Ayn Rand's Fiction: It's As "Low As You Can Get"  Open Culture

***GENDER   

Most Powerful Women  Fortune

There’s one big reason women are freezing their eggs, and it’s not career  Quartz 

Few women executives at top US companies despite modest gains this decade Pew Research Center   

California is 1st state to require women on corporate boards  Associated Press

***RACE & ETHNICITY ISSUES 

UC Davis to open groundbreaking Filipino studies center  NBC News

Study reveals bias against women's basketball teams from historically black colleges  Inside Higher Ed 

Escondido students spell racial slur in photo during senior picnic  NBC San Diego  

***DIVERSITY 

Diversity Fatigue Is Real And it afflicts the very people who are most committed to diversity work  Chronicle of Higher Ed

***LEGAL ISSUES 

The War over Music Copyrights  TechCrunch 

JR Smith says NBA will fine him for new tattoo of Supreme brand logo  ESPN

US Supreme Court declines to take Martins Beach case — a win for California's landmark coastal access law  LA Times 

New trial ordered in 'Stairway to Heaven' copyright lawsuit  Associated Press  

***RELIGION

The Talmud Is Finally Now Available Online  Open Culture 

Europe’s Oldest Intact Book Was Preserved and Found in the Coffin of a Saint  Open Culture

‘New Age’ beliefs common among both religious and nonreligious Americans  Pew research Center

Hillsong: ‘What a Beautiful Name’ for a New Denomination Spanning ‘Oceans’  Christianity Today

***RELIGION AND POLITICS

Poll: 48% of white evangelicals would support Kavanaugh even if the allegations against him were true  Vox 

***GOOD NEWS 

Turn Your Office into 'The Office' with This Incredible Prop Auction  Vice

Students raise money to send a janitor on the first vacation he's had in almost a decade  CNN

4-year-old girl named Florence inspired to help victims of Hurricane Florence  CBS News

Montana centenarian credits Cheetos for long life  Great Falls Tribune

 ***ANIMALS

UK airport sniffer dogs good at finding sausages, but not drugs  Reuters

California judges will soon be able to consider a pet's well-being when awarding custody in a divorce  LA Times 

North Carolina woman arrested for practicing veterinary medicine without a license after saving abandoned pets during Florence  CBS News 

***ART & DESIGN

The surprisingly dark history of the color pink  Fast Company 

How To Learn Calligraphy (for beginners)  MojoTech 

Sculpture or human organ? these photos make it hard to tell  Wired

***MUSIC 

Musicians celebrating new bill that helps them get paid  Axios

How Grammy-winning producer Oak Felder turns his laptop into a studio  The Verge

***FILM & TV 

Mara Wilson reflects on sharing her life with a literary icon — and thinks about who Matilda might have grown up to be  Vanity Fair  

Netflix Is Planning a Choose-Your-Own-Adventure ‘Black Mirror’  Bloomberg

***THE BUSINESS OF MEDIA  

Network TV's leadership crisis  Axios 

***STUDENT LIFE

So What Are You Going to Do With That Degree? Physics Majors Get That Question, Too Chronicle of Higher Ed 

Millennials Are Causing the U.S. Divorce Rate to Plummet  Bloomberg 

Need Help Paying For College? There's An App For That  NPR

The Most Powerful New Voting Bloc in America Doesn’t Vote  Medium

A Majority of Teens Have Experienced Some Form of Cyberbullying  Pew Research Center

Marijuana use is now as common among baby boomers as it is among teens, federal data shows Washington Post

Law Student Dresses As Spider-Man To Accept His Degree  LADbible

Texas Attorney General backs decision to expel student who chose not to stand during the Pledge of Allegiance  MSNBC 

Catholic U. students protest dean who disparaged Kavanaugh accuser  Washington Post 

***JOBS & INTERNSHIPS

The Lie Generator: Inside the Black Mirror World of Polygraph job Screenings  Wired

List of internships across the country in video production, social media and investigative reporting   Student Press Law Center 

***SEXUAL HARASSMENT & ASSAULT 

Kavanaugh case unfolds as DeVos readies sexual assault rule  Associated Press 

***SOCIAL ISSUES 

Is Rent Control An Answer To California's Housing Crisis?  NPR  

Suicide rate spikes among young US veterans  The Guardian  

Detailed New National Maps Show How Neighborhoods Shape Children for Life  New York Times

***BUSINESS & FINANCE

How Much You Must Earn to Afford a House in the 50 Largest U.S. Cities  How Much

The high costs of staff turnover Workers are losing their chains  Economist 

The American Dream Is Harder To Find In Some Neighborhoods  NPR

After Budget Cuts, the IRS’ Work Against Tax Cheats Is Facing “Collapse”  Propublica

A Shocking Number of Killers Murder Their Co-workers The Atlantic

***VIDEO GAMES

There are too many video games. What now?  Polygon  

Fortnite Is So Big It Can Bully Sony And Nintendo  IGN

***ENVIRONMENT

California leads subnational efforts to curb climate change: Local authorities and companies are crucial if global carbon-emissions targets are to be met  Economist 

***HEALTH 

Antibiotics for appendicitis? Surgery often not  Ars Technica

Infectious bacteria hibernate to evade antibiotics  Univ. of Copenhagan  

80,000 people died of flu last winter in U.S., the highest death toll in four decades  Chicago Tribune 

Flu on a flight! How to avoid getting sick on a plane  NBC News

Middle-age drinkers more concerned about reputation than health risks, study says  CNN 

Scientists Who Sparked Revolution In Cancer Treatment Share Nobel Prize In Medicine  NPR

***HEALTH OUTSIDE THE U.S.

Chinese Soup Ingredients May Hold Key to Fighting Dementia  Bloomberg

How the anti-vaxxers are winning in Italy  The Independent  

***TRAVEL

You can now fly with weed out of Los Angeles International Airport  Business Insider

***FOOD

The Eternal Life of the Instant Noodle  BBC

You Should Be Eating Pie for Breakfast  Eater 

A Breakthrough for U.S. Troops: Combat-Ready Pizza  New York Times

Frites, chips, fries, whatever Europeans want to call them — they’re shrinking  Washington Post  

***PARENTING

Limiting children's screen time linked to better cognition  BBC  

Crafty kids are finding ingenious ways to thwart Apple's 'Screen Time' feature  The Next Web 

How motherhood changes the brain  Boston Globe 

New app is helping parents track their children  Washington Post

The epic rise and fall of the name Heather: It has falled out of fashion faster than ny name in history  Quartz 

***PSYCHOLOGY  

A bone-marrow transplant treated a patient’s leukemia -- and his Schizophrenic delusions, too: Some doctors think they know why New York Times

Your weird dreams actually make a lot of sense (according to neuroscience and psychology)  NBC News

***PHILOSOPHY

Unpublished and Untenured, a Philosopher Inspired a Cult Following  New York Times

***PRODUCTIVITY

Google Maps now helps you plan group events Engadget 

Research: Women and Men Are Equally Bad at Multitasking  Harvard Business Review 

***RESEARCH  

Assessing the impact of retraction on the citation of randomized controlled trial reports: an interrupted time-series analysis  Sage

The “problem” of predatory publishing remains a relatively small one and should not be allowed to defame open  The London School of Economic & Political Science 

Austrian agency shows how to tackle scientific misconduct  Nature

The Failed Replication of a Retracted Study  The 100% CI 

 ***HIGHER ED

3 Ways That Colleges Suppress a Diversity of Viewpoints  Chronicle of Higher Ed

A University Comes Undone How scandal and corruption brought down a college sports powerhouse  Chronicle of Higher Ed

What It Means When a U.S. College Has a Religious Affiliation  WTOP

Liberty University sends 300 students to D.C. to support Kavanaugh  Lynchburg News & Advance

APU reinstates ban on LGBTQ relationships on campus  San Gabriel Valley Tribune 

APU enters 2018-19 school year in $17 million cash flow shortfall  ZuNews

***TEACHING

Teacher fired after refusing to abide by ‘No zero' policy when students didn't hand in work  WFTV 

How to Be a Generous Professor in Precarious Times  Chronicle of Higher Ed

***ACADEMIC LIFE 

Longtime UT professor resigns amid probe of sexual misconduct accusations by current, former students  Knox News 

Why Did These Scholars Suddenly Find Their Twitter Accounts Suspended?  Chronicle of Higher Ed  

Baylor professor resigns after Title IX complaints  Waco Tribune

How to Treat Visiting Assistant Professors With Dignity  Chronicle of Higher Ed

The False Loops of Social Media

“We crave some sense of closure, some sense of being done,” says Tim Wu, a Columbia law professor and author of The Attention Merchants. “Much of social media tries to prevent you from ever having that feeling.”

Social media sites, in particular, are designed to create what he calls “false loops,” where you never reach the end of what you can do on the platform. He thinks that goes against our way of making sense of the world: Humans have a natural predilection toward creating experiences and narratives that start and end, like the social ritual of eating dinner with a friend, or attending a concert, or even reading an article. But social media tends to disrupt these things–unlike a well-planned story or meal, Wu compares experiencing social media to a buffet, where nothing really goes together. Coincidentally, you also end up stuffing yourself and feeling ill.

“Our brains like to close things out,” Wu says. “I think that a lot of design now is trying to turn all of us into obsessive-compulsives by making it so the loops are never closed.” Film and TV offer a compelling parallel. “How do you feel after going to see a really great movie, as opposed to channel surfing for three hours?” he says. “It’s a complete difference. One has a beginning, middle, and an end, versus you saw half of 10 shows and kind of got into something that didn’t develop all the way through.”

Katharine Schwab writing in Fast Company

Why some Couples Endure

There are many reasons why relationships fail, but if you look at what drives the deterioration of many relationships, it’s often a breakdown of kindness. As the normal stresses of a life together pile up—with children, career, friend, in-laws, and other distractions crowding out the time for romance and intimacy—couples may put less effort into their relationship and let the petty grievances they hold against one another tear them apart. In most marriages, levels of satisfaction drop dramatically within the first few years together. But among couples who not only endure, but live happily together for years and years, the spirit of kindness and generosity guides them forward.

Emily Esfahani Smith writing in The Atlantic

Tuesday Tech Tools: Organizers

Need to get yourself organized? Here are some tools that will help.

Airtable
Manages projects and processes-weddings, movie shoots, companies, etc. Allows you to log entries in spreadsheets which can be turned into sets of data stored in the cloud. Some limitations you won’t find in tools like Trello. There’s a video explanation here.

Boomerang
Schedule Gmail or Outlook email for a later send date.  Add-on for Firefox and Chrome. Free.

Buffer
Popular social media scheduling service for posting to multiple sites at one time or later.

Evernote
Popular note/audio organization tool. Access notes on any computer, tablet or phone.

Freshbooks
A cloud-based accounting app that helps you manage clients and projects, send invoices, and track time, expenses, and estimates right from your iPhone.

Meetways
Find a halfway point between two locations. Great for setting up meetings between people.

Nozbe
Task management system. Organizes according to the context in which they are done (online, at the office, at home, etc.) . Designed with teams in mind.,

OmniOutliner
Mac program that keeps lists and organizes outlines. Low learning curve to create rich, multi-column, collapsible outlines in many styles. Add embedded notes, images, links, etc.

Google Now
Tracks your online behavior and uses this data to predict the information that you will need, such as local traffic or weather updates.

PinBoard
Bookmark things you find in social media. One time $9.94 cost.

Podio
Social work platform for basic project management tasks — calendar, contacts, activity stream — that helps teams collaborate and communicate. Both free and paid versions.

Process Street
Document, manage, and track your workflows and business processes. Records tasks in templates – lists which show what tasks to do and what order to do them in.

Scrivener*
App that gives you a single place to dump all your ideas. Especially helpful for creating and managing complex writing projects.g projects.

Trello
Organizational tool that integrations with many other apps. Tasks or projects are stored in cards which are then arranged into columns.

TripIt
Organize all your travel plans into mobile itineraries.

Ulysses
Writing app for Mac. Uses plain text or Markdown for writing, but also includes notes, exporting, organization and more.

WorkFlowy
Digital note taking app. Excellent design, but lacks due dates, reminders of upcoming deadlines and calendar view. Free version limits you to 500 lists or "items" per month.  Pro accounts can be backed up to Dropbox. Individual pro accounts ($4.99 per month or $49 per year) and Team ($3.99 per month per user, or $39 per year per user, with a two user minimum) A short video introduction here.

Articles of Interest - Sept. 24

***SOCIAL MEDIA 

Twitter’s livestreaming video app Periscope launches audio-only broadcasts  Mashable

The Deliberate Awfulness of Social Media  New Yorker 

Judging connectedness of American communities, based on Facebook friendships  FlowingData  

Survey: Teens prefer texting to talking  NBC News

Snapchat Lets you Take a Photo of an object to buy it on Amazon  Tech Crunch 

***SOCIAL MEDIA: FACEBOOK 

John Oliver: Why a Toilet is better than Facebook  TIME

Facebook is testing its dating service. here’s how it’s different from tinder Wired

Content Moderator Sues Facebook, Says Job Gave Her PTSD  Motherboard

Why Instagram’s founders are resigning: independence from Facebook weakened  Tech Crunch

***MOBILE  

Nearly half of all cellphone calls will be scams by 2019, says new study  Cnet 

Multimedia story on how Rio residents are using apps to steer clear of violence and shootings during their commutes  The Globe and Mail

Evernote and the folly of forever apps  Axios

***PRODUCING MEDIA

Crazy Rich Asians director Jon M. Chu shot this short film entirely on an iphone xs max  Wired

Is the podcast bubble bursting?  Columbia Journalism Review  

***INTERNET

The man caught shaving on a train in a viral video mocked online, was actually coming from a homeless shelter  Associated Press 

Google at 20: how two 'obnoxious' students changed the internet  The Guardian

***TECHNOLOGY

Get ready for atomic radio  MIT Technology Review  

Technology Helps Motorists Maneuver In A Natural Disaster  NPR

A stretchy stick-on patch can take blood pressure readings from deep inside your body  MIT Technology Review 

Nobody Was Going To Solve These Cold Cases. Then Came The DNA Crime Solvers  BuzzFeed News 

***THE BUSINESS OF MEDIA   

Sirius XM to buy Pandora for $3.5 billion in stock  Yahoo Finance

***JOURNALISM

How to buy into journalism’s blockchain future  Nieman Lab  

Revealed: The Justice Dept's secret rules for targeting journalists with FISA court orders  Freedom of the Press Foundation 

The New York Times is asking readers to help it cover election misinformation  Poynter  

Media Manipulation, Strategic Amplification, and Responsible Journalism  Points  

***FAKE NEWS

This fake news generator is a head-turning troll machine  Daily Dot

***BIG DATA & AI  

Brain scientists dive into deep neural networks: new tools for comparing data collected from living brains with readouts from computational models  Science 

The mathematical formula you use every day without realizing it   ABC (Australia) 

Can Neural Networks Design The Detector Of A Future Particle Collider?  Science 

Can you guess which of these paintings was not made by a human?  Quartz 

Reimagining of Schrödinger’s cat "breaks quantum mechanics—stumping physicists" -the textbook interpretation of quantum theory creating contradictory pictures of reality  Nature

An add-on module helps AI systems to fill in the gaps between video frames—it could be used to help robots better understand what’s going on around them  MIT Tech Review 

***PERSONAL GROWTH 

47 Fake News Signals  Becoming (my blog)

Live Like I’m a Plus-One to My Own Life  The Cut 

The 5 types of mentors you need in your life  TED

Why Your Brain is Wired for Pessimism—and What You Can Do to Be More Optimistic  GQ

***GRAMMAR 

Pompeo cracks down, on improper use, of commas at State Department  CNN

***WRITING & READING

Fifty Writing Tools: Quick List  Poynter

How Can Profs Support Students Who Come In With Poor Writing Skills? Ed Surge

***LANGUAGE

Making Its Way Into American English: ‘Browned Off’  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Nonsense About Universal Translation, Strictly for the Gullible  Chronicle of Higher Ed

***LITERATURE

Why should you read Edgar Allan Poe?  Scott Peeples/Ted Ed

Hear Dylan Thomas Recite His Classic Poem, “Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night”  Open Culture

From Trump to Tolstoy: What's Bringing Computer Science and Literature Together  EdSurge 

***GENDER    

What draws women to a religion that says men should be in charge? Baptist women in a summer seminary program struggled to reconcile their theology with their ambitions  Washington Post 

The person running your favorite football team’s twitter is probably a woman  The Verge 

Men Get the First, Last and Every Other Word on Earnings Calls  Bloomberg

***GENDER & POLITICS    

The New York Times’ breakdown of the record number of women running in the midterms and how many are likely to win  New York Times

Men, women differ over some qualities they see as essential for political and business leadership  Pew Research Center 

Women Are Increasingly Doubtful That Voters Are Ready to Elect Them  New York Times

***DIVERSITY

Huge peer-review study reveals lack of women and non-Westerners  Nature  

When a Chief Diversity Officer Is Not Enough  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

First black female White House reporter gets Newseum statue  Associated Press

DJ sues over firing for transgender comment  Toronto Sun

***RACE & ETHNICITY ISSUES 

Let's Talk About the N-Word Project: Over 300 Georgia Southern community members voice their opinions on the N-word  The George-Annie

Big Donor’s Facebook Photos of 2 Black Students Unsettle Ole Miss  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Black Patients Miss Out On Promising Cancer Drugs  Propublica 

***LEGAL ISSUES 

Departing Employee Required to Transfer Social Media Accounts–Hyperheal Hyperbarics v. Shapiro  Tech & Marketing Law Blog 

The digital age could make the statute of limitations for sex crimes a relic of the past  Market Watch  

Twitter Isn’t Liable for Impersonation Account–Dehen v. Doe  Tech & Marketing Law Blog

***RELIGION

I Stopped Believing In God After Pastoring A Megachurch  BuzzFeedVideo

The world's most spiritual countries  Wayfairer Travel 

How Meditation Can Change Your Brain: The Neuroscience of Buddhist Practice  Open Culture

Elmbrook resignations are the latest to rock evangelical Christian churches  Journal Sentinel

***RELIGION AND POLITICS

Non-Christian refugees shut out of Trump's America  Axios

What CS Lewis would say about Brett Kavanaugh (opinion)  The Week

***GOOD NEWS

7-Year-Old Sings National Anthem At MLS Game, And Holy Moly This Is Something Else Digg

She helped save his life. 28 years later, he turns up in her preemie ward — as a doctor  Mercury News 

Baltimore Orioles become first professional sports team to wear Braille jerseys  MLB   

D.C. students grow vegetables to feed the homeless  WTOP 

Caterer turns officiant after wedding official breaks leg  WLWT

Man makes it his mission to clean up 1 million cigarette butts  Washington Post

Iowa man has handed out Hershey chocolate bars every week for 10 years  MSNBC

Hero siblings lift overturned SUV from roadside ditch, save couple and baby  Fox 13

***ART & DESIGN

This Image of the Total Eclipse Is Being Called “History’s Most Amazing Photo”  My Modern Met

Here's A Font That Lets You Cheat On Your Term Papers  BuzzFeed News

Meet the very wealthy, very private couple behind Washington's most original museum  Washington Post

Cal State Long Beach’s response to anti-police brutality exhibit and firing of director raise questions about artistic freedom  The Fire

***MUSIC 

The Voice Behind One Of Hip-Hop's Most Famous Hooks  NPR  

US Senate unanimously passes Music Modernization Act which streamlines music licensing process for artists, song producers  The Verge 

The History of the Guitar & Guitar Legends: From 1929 to 1979  Open Culture

"Bonehemian Rhapsody" 28-Trombone Collaboration  Christopher Bill

An 11-Year-Old Taiwanese Ukelele Prodigy  Kottke 

The Electric History Of Guitar Distortion In Music  Digg 

***ANIMALS

Dogs are dying after groomings at PetSmart and families are left wondering why  NJ.com

***SPORTS 

With an investigation Golf Digest helped open, an Erie County court vacated Dixon's murder conviction after he had already served 27 years in jail  Golf Digest 

College Mascot Accidentally Shoots Himself In Groin With T-Shirt Cannon  Digg

***SOCIAL ISSUES 

Retire, Bitch: The Never-ending Showdown Between Baby Boomers and Millennials  The Ringer

Study: Since The 1970s, Drug Overdoses Have Grown Exponentially  NPR

The Constitution Is Threatened by Tribalism  The Atlantic   

***BUSINESS & FINANCE

How much money you actually take home on a $100,000 salary, mapped by which city you live in  HowMuch

Amazon becoming 3rd-biggest digital ad platform  Axios 

'I'm getting ripped off': A look inside Ticketmaster's price-hiking bag of tricks  CBC News

***ENVIRONMENT

On Waste Plastics at Sea, She Finds Unique Microbial Multitudes Quanta Magazine

***HEALTH

Those airport security bins carry more germs than the toilet  Washington Post

How hospitals protect high prices  Axios

How a Weight Loss Company Lured People Into Paying to Join a Non-Existent Study  Snopes

In 1960, about a half-million teens took a test: Now it could predict whether they get Alzheimer’s  Washington Post

***HEALTH & DRUGS

At Least 68 People Are Nearly Blind After A Botched Drug Was Injected Into Their Eyeballs exposing a shadowy industry selling drugs with little oversight  BuzzFeed News  

The Most Promising Migraine Drug in Years Is Being Held Hostage by Our Healthcare Dystopia SplinterNews

***TRAVEL 

2018’s Most Fun Cities in America  Wallet Hub 

***FOOD & DRINK

Cheese Tea Could Be the New Bubble Tea — If Americans Get Over the Name  Eater

Walmart, Sam's Club to put food products on blockchain Business Insider

***FAMILY

Baby Walkers Are So Dangerous They Need To Be Banned, According To Pediatricians  BuzzFeed News

Stay-at-home moms and dads account for about one-in-five U.S. parents Pew Research

***SCIENCE

Greetings From Vulcan? Planet Discovered Orbiting the Star of Spock's Homeworld in "Star Trek"  Popular Mechanics

Reimagining of Schrödinger’s cat breaks quantum mechanics — and stumps physicists  Nature  

***NEUROSCIENCE  

Study of electrical signals in brain suggests it may be hardwired for laziness  UBC

Getting Over Your Ex: Can Brain Science Help Heartbreak?  A controversial therapy technique called neurofeedback  NPR  

Does our environment affect the genes in our brains?  Science Daily

***PRODUCTIVITY 

This interactive to help you decide whether to take on a personal project  Sound I Do it?     

How to solve complex problems (by not focusing on them)  Fast Company

***HISTORY 

When Televisions Were Radioactive  The Atlantic

The Most Influential Parasite in History Mental Floss

***ETHICS

Tim Wu says the future of humanity depends on design ethics  Fast Company

***RESEARCH 

Economics Gets It Wrong Because Research Is Hard to Replicate  Bloomberg

Reboot undergraduate courses for reproducibility  Nature  

Publish or perish: How to burst the bubble of scientific publication inflation?  European Science  

Meet the “journalologists” using scientific methods to study publishing  Science Mag  

Scientific misconduct is more than falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism – and harder to identify   ASH Clinical News 

***HIGHER ED

College rankings need more focus on graduation rates of low-income students  Washington Post 

It’s Time for Colleges to Stop Overlooking Hispanic Adults  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

You Can’t Work Your Way Through College Anymore  Mel Magazine  

The enduring legacy of 'Animal House' at Oregon  ESPN

U. of Pennsylvania Says It Will Be First Ivy to Offer Online Bachelor’s Degree  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Enemies of the People? Is the work of a scholarly publisher really differs from that of journalists? (opinion)  Inside Higher Ed

‘Fun is outlawed in America.’ MO university president criticized for beer bong swig  Miami Herald

***HIGHER ED FINANCIES 

The steep rise in enrollments at for-profit colleges during the Great Recession  Axios

Texas A&M Research Foundation Pays $750,000 to Settle Claims Alleging Improper Charges to Federal Grants  Justice 

***CHRISTIAN SCHOOLS 

Settlement reached in lawsuit filed over Wheaton College football hazing incident  Chicago Tribune 

Azusa Pacific Removes Ban on LGBTQ+ Relationships, Creates Program for Students  ZU news

***TEACHING 

Texas plans remove Helen Keller from the state's social studies curriculum  The Washington Post

Lawnmower parents are the new helicopter parents  Weare Teachers   

How Notre Dame Rethought Its Core Curriculum  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

There’s No One-Size-Fits-All Model for Student Success (sub. requ'd)  Chronicle of Higher Ed

***STUDENT MEDIA   

Christine Blasey Ford is a Pepperdine alumna and a former professor: The school’s student Newspaper reported on the local angle  Pepperdine-Graphic   

450 issues of The OU Daily stolen — writer thinks it's attempted censorship of front page sexual harassment story  Student Press Law Center 

***STUDENT LIFE

Student's Essay Snafu Is Really One for the Books  TIME 

Florida student accused of trying to steal airliner dragged off plane  CBS News

Harvard Law Students Say School Should Reconsider Brett Kavanaugh's Teaching Job  HuffPost

Education Department warns that students on financial aid are being targeted in phishing attacks  Washington Post

The secret life of teen scooter outlaws  The Verge

Motorcycles no longer signify youth and rebellion- The median age had risen to 47  The New York Times 

***STUDENT LIFE: DRUGS & DRINKING

How binge-drinking in college affects the brain  Daily Mail 

Marijuana use is now as common among baby boomers as it is among teens, federal data shows  Washington Post 

***SEXUAL HARASSMENT & ASSAULT 

Advocates Brace As DeVos Preps Policies On Campus Sexual Misconduct  NPR

Court backs suspension of Valencia College student in sexual harassment case  Orlando Sentinel

Why They Didn’t Report: Trump’s Challenge to Kavanaugh Accuser Provokes Stories of Campus Assault  Chronicle of Higher Ed

***ACADEMIC LIFE 

Board games for adjunct professors  McSweeney’s  

Warning Signs That You and Your Campus Are a Bad Fit  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Several longtime professors at John Jay College are under state investigation for allegations involving drugs, prostitution, and rape" New York Times

 

47 Fake News Signals (all of them)

Four Kinds of News Sites

1-Quality news brands(like the New York Times and the BBC) have earned their reputations over time as consistently reliable news sources. Savvy news readers don’t expect as much from 2-inconsistent outletsthat sometimes show bias but are not “fake” (such as Huffington Post, Fox News). Then there are 3-satirical news sources(The Onion and Clickhole). The articles and videos are intentionally fake but intended to be funny or make a point. They aren’t intended to fool anyone. 4-Fake news sites deliberately fabricate stories. These articles are packaged as legitimate journalism and may mix some truth with outright lies in order to deceivereaders or gain clicks.

Google Searches for “Fake News”

Google Trends Fake News 1.jpeg

 Google Searches for “Fake News” by Region

Google Trends Fake News 2.jpeg

The Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics encourages journalists to “seek truth and report” and “be accountable and transparent” while doing it. Looking for these qualities is an effective way to separate the fake and the real.

What Fake News is Not

Some people will mislabel rumors, hoaxes, and real news stories they don’t like as “fake news.” Another area of confusion are stories that result from mistaken or bad journalism. 

Sometimes CNN, FOX, and Associated Press (AP) all get it wrong. Sometimes new information changes the basic understanding of what is known publicly. You wouldn’t call this fake news since the motivation of posting the original but mistaken information wasn’t to deceive. Cutbacks that leave newsrooms with fewer reporters and editors make it more likely news sites will get it wrong even when they are trying their best to get it right. The shift from legacy media like newspapers to digital has left the news industry scrambling to figure out how to financially support quality journalism.  

Between the pressure to meet quotas and competition with other publications, writers often don’t get the necessary time to craft thoughtful and nuanced stories—or possess the power to reject an assignment over concerns about amplification.

Inaccurate details, such as reporting that four people are dead in a plane crash instead of six, can be the result of an honest mistake. The wrong number might be heard or written down. 

During times of breaking news, information will quickly shift as it trickles into news organizations. It takes time to get a clear picture of what’s happening.  Sometimes law enforcement officials or public relations professionals get the story wrong themselves and send out inaccurate information. At those times, news organizations are simply repeating mistakes. This is most likely to happen when there is only one source of information available when a story breaks. 

It’s worth noting that the approach of legacy news organizations (Washington Post, CNN) differs from new media outlets (BuzzFeed News, Politico). Traditional outlets aim at objectivity or neutral-voice reporting, where the focus is on being balanced, keeping the journalist’s opinions out of reports. Many recently launched news sites are more likely to focus on immediacy and transparency over neutrality, as well as updating readers whenever more information is known. Each approach presents different weaknesses for reporters to overcome. 

 The bottom line: be skeptical and bring a critical mind with you to everything you read.

Here are some tips for determining if a story is probably reliable. An organization does not need to tick off all these qualifiers in order to be authentic and accurate, but the more red flags suggest a heathy skepticism is in order. 

CLUES FROM THE WRITING 

1. ORIGINAL REPORTING. Is this source likely to know this information? Does the news organization have reporters attending news conferences in person, working in cities where the news is happening and talking to key sources directly? Or does the organization have to rely on second-hand information from other sites?

2. LONE-WOLF REPORTING. Compare the information with other sites you trust. Are these sites reporting the same information? It’s possible the site might have a scoop, but a lack of multiple independent accounts means it is more likely that the story is false. Sometimes lack of coverage is the result of writer and producer bias within a company or the result of the particular focus of the outlet (which may include not offending certain sponsors or other companies owned by the same parent company). Typically, you should expect more than one source reporting on an important topic or event. Plus, it’s always best to read multiple sources of information to get a variety of viewpoints and media frames.

3. AP STYLE. Most legitimate news organizations will use the AP Stylebook as a writing guide (no Oxford comma, full name on first reference and only last name thereafter, etc.). Some organizations have developed their own style guides (New York TimesWall Street Journal,etc.) and most news organizations use an in-house style guide (to deal with writing issues that are unique to the publication’s area of reporting).  

4. POOR GRAMMAR. When a writer makes obvious grammatical mistakes they also may not have taken the time to make sure the facts in the article are accurate.

5. ADJECTIVES & ADVERBS. Objective journalism avoids adjectives and adverbs. The more of them used in an article, the more you should question whether the goal of the writer is to inform you or to convince you of something. 

6. BALANCE. Does the article quote, not only more than one side in a dispute, but experts as well? A he-said-she-said story without the opinions of experts in the field is weak reporting. And when there’s only a single source, be hesitant to accept the information outright. 

7. OBJECTIVE. Like the scientist aiming to discover the truth, having some bias does not mean a journalist cannot arrive at the truth through a tested and effective approach (as does the scientific method, despite the bias of the researcher). The complaint that “no one can really be objective” misses the point that it’s not the journalists themselves but the articles that need to be objective. Someone with biases can still put together a “neutral” article. 

8. OPINION. Is the article part of an opinion section? Does the video feature a commentator? Commentary has a long history of having a part inside the pages of newspapers, but many readers confuse an editorial article with news reporting. The same can happen online or on TV news. There’s no need for an opinion piece to be neutral in its presentation. Just don’t confuse it with a unbiased news piece.             

9. DOXING. Doxing is making private information public in order to hurt a person or organization. If writer suggests anything like doxing, run the other way.

10. EMBEDDED LINKS. Quality journalism values clarity over style. Links in the article to original source material shows a commitment to transparency and allows readers can make up their own minds about how it was used.

11. SPONSORED CONTENT. Some news organizations will publish articles similar to what they normally publish—only in this case the material is sponsored by an advertiser. The intention could be to provide legitimate information about a subject while at the same time promoting the advertiser's product. Sometimes referred to as native advertising, reputable publishers will identify the article as “sponsored content” in a prominent location. 

12. LOCAL REPORTING. If the story involved a particular locale, was local expertise included? Was the reporting conducted on the scene?

13. YOUR REACTION. Be sensitive to occasions when you become angry as you read an article. If you are outraged after reading something, the story may be written to manipulate your emotions.

CLUES AROUND THE ARTICLE 

14. OUTRAGE HEADLINES. Fake news outlets have found stories that make the reader angry can generate more shares. The use of ALL CAPS is a red flag. 

15. HYPERBOLIC HEADLINES. Hyperbolic headlines, claiming you’ll “never believe” the article’s epic content, suggest you shouldn’t click. 

16. AUTHOR ATTRIBUTION. Lack of author attribution can mean the news story is suspect. Some respected sites, such as The Economist, doesn’t typically identify its writers, but that’s an exception to the rule. Nearly all quality news outlets identify the writer of each article. 

17. AUTHOR CREDENTIALS. Look for other articles by the same author by Googling the person’s name. Have they produced legitimate writing for legitimate news outlets? Their credentials and backgrounds are a guide to the quality of work they are likely to produce as well as the quality of the news outlet you are considering. If the story is about a specialized area, such as health or science, it’s a bonus if the author regularly writes about the subject because the person is also likely to possesses basic knowledge of that particular area.   

18. SUPPORTING PHOTOS. Do accompanying photos visually back up the story’s claims? Do the images even relate to the headline and content?

19. FUNNY PHOTOS. Are photos cropped oddly or taken from some strange angle? Does it appear the photographer was deliberately trying to avoid showing something in the shot? Legit news organizations avoid picking unflattering photos that might bias the reader unless that’s part of the story. This goes for distorted images as well, taken very close to a subject to emphasize someone’s age or physical characteristics. When a site shows a politician or celebrity’s face contorted or just plain goofy in a photo, it’s a subtle attempt to affirm your negative impression of that person and cue you that the article will fit your bias.  

20. MISLEADING GRAPHS. Look closely at any graphs related to an article. Using plot points that misinterpret data can skew the results displayed in the image. Axes should always have labels.

21. BAIT & SWITCH. Reliable websites respect readers by avoiding discrepancies between the headline and the story. Teases designed to trick readers into clicking is a sure sign of a disreputable organization. Reputable sites deliver on the headline’s promise and do not frustrate readers by holding back information in the headline. 

CLUES FROM THE ADDRESS

22. DOT-GOV. Does the site have a dot-gov address? Generally, data provided by government organizations is trustworthy. 

23. DOT-EDU. Does the site have a dot-edu address? Generally, data provided by university research laboratories is reliable.

24. LO & DOT-CO. Websites ending with odd letters like “lo” (such as “Newslo”) or “.co” could be a red flag for fake news sites. 

25. COM.COM. Another way to try to trick readers is to add a “com” so the web address almost looks right. For instance “USATodaycom.com.”

26. COUNRY-CODE TOP-LEVEL DOMAINS. The end of some website addresses is a clue to the site’s originating country. For instance, “dot-au” means the site is based in Australia and  “dot-ng” means the site is based in Nigeria. If you find a supposed article about your community on a website coming from a country far away, it probably means the writer isn’t likely to have access to the necessary sources to write a competent story. 

27. ODD NAMES. Odd domain names generally equal odd and rarely truthful news.

CLUES FROM THE SITE 

28. ABOUT. Check the site’s aboutpage for information about who is behind the operation.  If you aren’t familiar with the name, look for information about who owns it. For instance, the Russian government owns the RT network. What bias you can expect from its news coverage.  

29. DATES. Look for a date on the page to make sure the story is not outdated. Reliable sources want readers to know when the information is posted and will usually have the date clearly displayed near the headline. 

30. WEB DESIGN. Poor web design is a red flag. Is the design out of date when compared to other reputable sites? Is the display navigable and professional?

31. CORRECTIONS .Does the site make corrections as it receives new information and does it make those corrections obvious? Typically, a note will be added to the top or bottom of a news article when even a factual change is made to a story. In a print or broadcast story, the original error should be clearly state along with the correct information.

32. OTHER ARTICLES. Look for information you know to be false in other articles on the site. Does the site offer quality information on other topics besides the one you are investigating. 

33. LINKS. More clues can be found by conducting a Goaccess to the original source material so readers can make up their own minds about how it was used. ogle search, using the query “link: website name.” This will indicate what kind of other sites link to the one you are inspecting. If reliable websites refer its readers to the site, that’s a good sign.  

34. COMMUNITY POSTS. Some sites allow bloggers to post pieces under the banner of the news brand (ex: BuzzFeed Community Posts, Kinja blogs, Forbes blogs). The site editors typically do not vet these posts, making the material suspect. 

35. PREVIOUS FAKE NEWS. Do Snopes, Wikipedia, or other such sites show the website in question as having a connection to spreading false information in the past? While Wikipedia is generally pointed in the right direction but can contain some questionable information, the links to other sites it provides can be invaluable in the hunt for truth.  

CLUES FROM THE PUBLISHER

36. REPUTATION. Is the writer’s reputation at stake if they are wrong? Does the organization risk loss of reputation or loss of finances if it becomes known for having promoted false news?  

37. RELIABILITY.Has the organization been reliable in the past? Have you read other information from the organization was confirmed to be accurate?

38. AMATEURISH. Data collected by an amateur is more error-prone than data collected by a professional scientist. Does a quick web search confirm whether the people who collected and organized the data have a good track record of collecting and distributing data.

39. RESPONSE TO CRITICS. Does the publisher respond publicly to its critics when there are reasonable questions? Does it acknowledge when the critics have a point?

40. DATA SOURCES. Look closely at the sources of data the publisher uses: is this material provided by for-profit companies, partisan organizations, or advocacy groups? While it is possible the material is accurate, data from groups with agendas require greater scrutiny than data from nonpartisan organizations. 

41. PAYING THE WRITERS. Content Farms (or Content Mills, if you like) pay very little in return for lots of writing. When news writers are focused on cracking out material to feed the beast, the quality of the work suffers. If you discover a site is considered a Content Farm by professionals or pays writers very little for their work, that’s a big red flag.

42. DIVERSE VOICES. Does the news organization offer diverse perspectives in its articles? A professional outlet will make a concerted effort to give voice to various ethnicities and political persuasions. The more a newsroom focuses on a single viewpoint the greater the likelihood it will leave out significant perspectives from its news converge. 

43. FEEDBACK. Reputable news publishers want readers’ feedback on stories for accuracy and look for help in determining coverage priorities.  

44. AGREEMENT. Do you find yourself agreeing with everything your preferred news outlet says? If so, something is wrong. Find a commentator whose politics don’t match with your own—vary your media consumption to get a balance of perspectives.

45. EASY STORIES. If news outlet overlooks stories worth telling in favor of the stories that can be easily told, it may not have the resources to dive into investigative reporting or may not have the goal of getting beyond low-hanging fruit.

CLUES FROM OUTSIDE THE SITE

46. YOUR COMMUNITY. There’s no substitute for knowing people who are well-informed and will let you know when you’ve posted something questionable. These are people you can ask when you have your doubts. Don’t know any experts researchers, or information junkies from various fields who are critical and helpful? Make some new friends! Developing such a support system is critical for navigating effectively through life. Read some books written by experts.  

47. FACT-CHECKING SITES. Does a fact-checking site identify the assertion of the article as a hoax? Check one of the sites listed at the end of this article or type the topic of the article into a search engine and add “hoax” or “fake.”   

KNOW YOUR OWN WEAKNESSES

These biases are broad tendencies, rather than fixed traits or universal behavioral laws. They are not uniformly shared by everyone. Plus, there are multiple influences resulting in a given behavior. 

1. FALSE MEMORIES. Studies have shown we are susceptible to false memories. We selectively remember our own experiences, much less historical and cultural events. Planting fake memories has become easier these days with AI-enhanced photo and video forgeries on the internet. 

 2. CONFIRMATION BIAS. We tend to seek information that confirms what we already believe to be true. Ask yourself: Do I want to believe this report, not because it is well sourced and reported, but because it fits with what I already believe?

3. CORRELATION VS CAUSATION. Just because events or statistics have a connection doesn’t mean you can assume one causes the other. 

4. WE OVERVALUE NARRATIVE. Adding a story to a fact increases the likelihood that people will believe it—even when the story narrows the likelihood of it being true. We like tidy stories, not ambiguity.

5. FOOLED BY RANDOMNESS. As the title of Nassim Taleb’s best seller suggests, we are fooled by randomness. Human tend to read meaning into the unexpected and the improbable, even where there is none. 

6. OVERSIMPLIFICATION. To avoid conflict and uncomfortable thinking, we oversimplify to reduce tension. Soon, one side looks good and the other is dismissed as evil. 

7. SUNK COST FALLACY. We hang on to a course of action or idea when we have invested in it, even when circumstances and reasoning show we should abandon it. 

8. GOOGLE-SEARCH RELIANCE. Google is not neutral. When you Google something, the algorithms isn’t weighing facts but other factors, such as your search history. Google tailors your results to what you want—or what the search engine “thinks” you want. Because of this personalization, you are probably getting different results than the person sitting next to you. Be critical of search engines as you are critical of the media. Don’t assume the first link or the first page that comes up when you Google something is the best answer to your question. 

Know Your Fake/Satirical Sites 

Empire News                    The Reporterz                   React365

Stuppid                            News Examiner                 Associated Media 

Naha Daily                        The Stately Harold            National Report 

NC Scooper                      Huzlers                            Empire News

NewsBuzzDaily                 Now8News                      Satira Tribune

Empire Herald                  The Daily Currant              CAP News

NewsBiscuit                     Call the Cops                     World News Daily Report

Protip: If you see a fake or very bias story in your Facebook feed, block the source from showing up again.

Know Your Fact-Checking Sites 

FactCheck.org                           Fact-Checker

Hoax Slayer                              Hoaxy

Irumor Mill                               MetaBunk      

Media Bias Fact Check             Myth Debunk  

Politifact                                   Snopes                  

SourceWatch                            Truth or Fiction

Tools for Spotting Fake News:  

Facterbot - This Facebook Messenger chatbot aimed at delivering fact checks.

Botcheck -A Chrome extension that suggests whether a Twitter account is likely to be a bot. 

NewsBot -This Facebook Messenger app identifies the political leaning of an article. 

TrustedNews - A Google Chrome plugin that attempts to identify whether a website is generally trustworthy.  

Sources/Explore more: 

6 Tips for Identifying Fake News, Sabrina Stierwalt, Quick & Dirty Tips

As Fake News Spreads Lies, More Readers Shrug at the Truth, Sabrina Tavernise, New York Times 

Critics of Dan Rather’s tips about fake news brought up his past. But the points are still solid, Alex Horton, Washington Post

False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and/or Satirical “News” SourcesMelissa Zimdars 

How I Detect Fake News, Tim O'ReillyO’Reilly Media

Infographics Lie. Here's How To Spot The B.S., Randy Olson, Fast Company

Photographs cause false memories for the news, Deryn Strange, Maryanne Garry, Daniel M Bernstein, & D. Stephen Lindsay, Semantic Scholar 

Searching for Alternative Facts: Analyzing Scriptural Inference in Conservative News Practices,Francesca Triopodi, Data Society 

Snopes' Field Guide to Fake News Sites and Hoax Purveyors, Kim LaCapria, Snopes 

Want to resist the post-truth age? Learn to analyze photos like an expert would, Nicole Dahmen & Don Heider, Quartz