We’re hardwired to delude ourselves

When people hear the word bias, many if not most will think of either racial prejudice or news organizations that slant their coverage to favor one political position over another. Present bias, by contrast, is an example of cognitive bias—the collection of faulty ways of thinking that is apparently hardwired into the human brain. 

If I had to single out a particular bias as the most pervasive and damaging, it would probably be confirmation bias. That’s the effect that leads us to look for evidence confirming what we already think or suspect, to view facts and ideas we encounter as further confirmation, and to discount or ignore any piece of evidence that seems to support an alternate view. Confirmation bias shows up most blatantly in our current political divide, where each side seems unable to allow.

Ben Yagoda writing in The Atlantic 

Tiny tweaks in word choice make a difference

In 1973, America watched as then President Richard Nixon vehemently declared on national television, “I am not a crook” in regards to the Watergate scandal.

Not many people believed him.

In fact, as soon as he uttered the word “crook,” most people immediately envisioned a crook.

The major mistake Nixon made was in his framing. By saying the word “crook,” he evoked an image, experience, or knowledge associated with crook in the minds of everyone watching. 

George Lakoff, a professor in cognitive science and linguistics at University of California, Berkeley, makes the point in his book Don’t Think of an Elephant! that when trying to get your point across, refrain from using the other side’s language. Doing so will activate and strengthen their frames and undermine your own views. Instead, successfully arguing a point requires you to establish your own frames and use language that evokes images and ideas that fit the worldview you want.

Think about it this way: Something that has a “95% effective rate” will sell better than something with a “5% failure rate.” It’s all in how you frame it.

Vivian Giange, writing in Fast Company    

Articles of Interest - Week of August 13

 ***SOCIAL MEDIA 

Four-Year-Old Girl Throws Dad's Phone into the Sea because he spent too much time on it  Metro 

6 studies on digital news and social media you should know about  Journalists Resources 

Hacker swipes Snapchat's source code, publishes it on GitHub  The Next Web 

How people in countries around the world say LOL  Digg 

Emoji are replacing flags as the most important regional symbol of the digital era  Quartz

Facebook news chief to media: ‘Work with Facebook or die’  BongBong

***SOCIAL MEDIA: INSTAGRAM  

5 Instagram updates you should know about as a communications professional  Muckrack 

Instagram users are reporting the same bizarre hack  Mashable 

***TECHNOLOGY

When Bots Teach Themselves to Cheat: The roots of algorithmic impishness  Wired 

The wireless mic systems used by countless schools, churches, theaters, and other venues, are about to become obsolete, all because the Telcom companies muscled in  Wired 

This is Where Augmented Reality Is Headed  Daily Infographic

***JOURNALISM

ProPublica to Expand Local Reporting Network to Focus on State Governments  ProPublica

Facebook puts $4.5 million more into news support with a membership accelerator and News Match cash  Harvard’s Nieman Lab

Journalism isn’t dying: But it is changing in ominous ways  Washington Post 

Why We Need More Journalism Courses Taught in Prison  Harvard’s Nieman Reports

***JOURNALISM & POLITICS 

Poll: Nearly half of Republicans think Trump should have authority to shutter media outlets   The Hill

In Germany, a news site is pairing up liberals and conservatives and actually getting them to (gasp) have a civil conversation  Harvard’s Nieman Lab 

More than 100 newspapers will publish editorials decrying Trump's anti-press rhetoric  Boston Globe 

Retraction of a retraction over report that Fla. candidate is not the college graduate she says she is  Washington Post 

NABJ passes resolution condemning attacks by President Donald Trump and his administration on press freedom  The National Association of Black Journalists

***FAKE NEWS

Alex Jones, the First Amendment, and the Digital Public Square  New Yorker

There will always be another Alex Jones  Harvard’s Nieman Lab

Surgeon falsely accused of wrongdoing tries to recover his name  CNN

Analysis of fake YouTube views  Flowing Data 

Alex Jones And Online Content Regulation (opinion)  National Coalition Against Censorship

Is PolitiFact biased? This content analysis says no  Poynter ***PRIVACY & SECURITY

Hackers account for 90% of login attempts at online retailers  Quartz 

Hacking a brand new mac remotely, right out of the box  Wired 

Smartphone voting is happening, but no one knows if it's safe  Wired

The Internet of Things Needs Food Safety-Style Ratings for Privacy and Security  Motherboard

Police bodycams can be hacked to doctor footage  Wired 

Google tracks your movements, like it or not  Associated Press

Banks and Retailers Are Tracking How You Type, Swipe and Tap  New York Times

Millions of Android devices are vulnerable right out of the box  Wired 

Fortnite on Android at risk of malware  The Stack 

Judge: App User Accused In Planning Charlottesville Rally Can't Keep Identity Hidden  NPR

***BIG DATA & AI 

Even anonymous coders leave fingerprints that machine learning can pick up: writing samples, even in artificial languages, contain a unique fingerprint that’s hard to hide  Wired

***PERSONAL GROWTH 

Self-Control can be Contagious  Becoming (my blog)

Why We Are Never Truly Satisfied  Medium 

Why some people choose to do evil  Aeon

On the benefits of a blue period  Aeon

***WRITING & READING

Avoiding ‘False Titles’: How Some News Publications Try Not to Sound Like Other News Publications  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Slack Copywriting: What They Say to 9.6 Million Pageviews Every Month  Medium

***LANGUAGE

“Untranslatable” words tell us more about English speakers than other cultures  Quzrtz

We Use Sports Terms All the Time. But Where Do They Come From?  New York Times

***LITERATURE

When Harriet Beecher Stowe and George Eliot Were Penpals  Daily Jstor

V.S. Naipaul, Trinidad-born British author and Nobel Literature laureate, dies at 85  Penn Live

***GENDER   

Make Your Daughter Practice Math: She’ll Thank You Later  New York Times

100 Women Who Changed the World  History Extra

How feminism has made me a better scientist  Statistical Modeling, Causal Inference, and Social Science  

Gender studies programs to be banned in Hungary  Hungarian Free Press

Are boys better than Girls at Math  Scientific American

***RACE & ETHNICITY ISSUES

White threat in a browning America (Ezra Klein)  Vox 

The White Nationalists Are Winning  The Atlantic

The Ugly Truth of Being a Black Professor in America  Chronicle of Higher Ed

***FREE SPEECH

Is there a free speech “crisis” on campus?  The FIRE 

Do free speech issues on campus only stifle conservatives?  Education Dive

***LEGAL ISSUES

Disney Finds It's Not So Easy to Sue Over Knockoff Characters at Birthday Parties  Hollywood Reporter

ABA Clarifies Rules on Lawyer Advertising (Sort Of)  Law.com

***RELIGION

California Police chief helps apprehend his own son in attack on Sikh man  ABC News

Why America’s ‘nones’ don’t identify with a religion  Pew Research

Losing Faith: Why South Carolina is abandoning its churches  The State

John Piper Changed ‘Great Is Thy Faithfulness.’ Experts Weigh In  Christianity Today

Southern Baptists posted a video opposing animal cruelty — and then profusely apologized for it  Washington Post

***RELIGION AND POLITICS

Church charges against Attorney General Sessions are dropped  CNN

***GOOD NEWS

How You Can Use Your Frequent Flyer Miles to Help Reunite Separated Families  Mental Floss

Groom (and Coast Guard officer) interrupts his own wedding to save a drowning man  People   

LeBron James Family Foundation's I Promise School opens in Akron  Cleveland.com  

How Silicon Valley Has Disrupted Philanthropy  The Atlantic

Border Collie helps homeless, aimless man become rich: “Before I had Sylar, my life was a mess”  ABC News

The mother of a Waffle House shooting survivor got a wedding dress for the waitress who saved her son  CNN

Man uses his own body to cushion dog's fall from building  The Week

These Twenty-Somethings Got Heart Transplants on the Very Same Day And Then They Fell in Love  Washingtonian

***ART & DESIGN

2018 Winning Photographs  iPhone Photography Awards

LA's Awesome History Of Weird, Food-Shaped Restaurants  LAist

Your Friendly Guide to Colors in Data Visualisation  Data Wrapper

Art exhibit slammed for 'promoting communism'  CNN

***MUSIC

See Ancient Greek Music Accurately Reconstructed for the First Time  Open Culture

***FILM

'BlacKkKlansman' Sounds Like It's Made Up But It's A True Story  NPR  

No Shark Film has ever not made money  Atlas

How Westerns captured the American psyche and eventually bit the dust (video)  Aeon

Best science fiction movies of all time, according to critics  Business Insider

***THE BUSINESS OF MEDIA  

The tangled mess of marketing networks is crumbling  The Next Web 

The Local TV Consolidation War is here  Axios

***STUDENT MEDIA  

For young people, socialism is now more popular than capitalism  Fast Company

***STUDENT LIFE

The newly coined Chinese buzzword that refers to awkward millennials  Quzrtz  

Millennials Are Making a Costly Investment Mistake  Bloomberg

How Three New York Times Summer Interns Trusted Their Gut and Made the Front Page  New York Times

The Parkland generation has huge plans for this fall  Axios

***JOBS & INTERNSHIPS

An editor’s guide to creating an online portfolio  Poynter

The Washington Post 2019 Summer Internship Program  

***SEXUAL HARASSMENT & ASSAULT

Anything to Avoid a Scandal": How Colleges Sideline Sexual Abuse  TruthOut

BethAnn McLaughlin “talks about her experiences with trying to change how the scientific community copes with sexual assault and harassment  The-Scientist

Congressman Accused Of Domestic Abuse By Former Girlfriend  NPR  

Former Ohio State Students Report Decades Of Sexual Misconduct By University Physician  NPR

Journalism professor resigns months after accusations of sexual harassment and inappropriate workplace behavior  Daily Northwestern

***SOCIAL ISSUES

How to delete all your tweets (or just the worst ones)  Poynter

Record number of forcibly displaced people lived in sub-Saharan Africa in 2017  Pew Research

***ETHICS 

Rich People More Likely to Lie, Cheat, & Steal  Washington Post 

Children are being euthanized in Belgium (opinion)  Washington Post

***BUSINESS & FINANCE

Astroturfing: the practice of companies and interest groups disguising themselves as grassroots movements (video)  John Oliver

Fortnite Mania Fuels Epic Growth to $8.5 Billion  Bloomberg

Why Small Teams Win And Bigger Ones Fail  UX planet

WeWork’s Meat Ban Tells Us Who They Are  Bloomberg

Some tips on how to retire your debt before you quit working  Detroit Free Press

How Dollar General took over rural America  The Guardian

For most U.S. workers, real wages have barely budged in decades  Pew Research

Employer expectations on off-hours email: new study shows adverse health effects on workers and families  Virginia Tech 

***HEALTH

Women More Likely to Survive Heart Attacks If Treated by Female Doctors  The Atlantic

Cancer Patients who use alternative medicine have a greater risk of dying prematurely  Science Daily

Experimental Alzheimer's drug stirs hope after early trials  CNN

It’s easy to become obese in America: These 7 charts explain why  Vox

Why Blue Light Is So Bad: The Science — And Some Solutions  Health

Brain Scans Suggest Women Sustain More Damage heading soccer balls than men  Boston Globe

***HEALTH TECHNOLOGY

A New Pacemaker Hack Puts Malware Directly On The Device  Wired

The $250 Biohack That’s Revolutionizing Life With Diabetes  Nexts Draft

***FAMILY

Aurora parents fighting to stop legally adopted 4-year-old daughter from being deported   FOX31 Denver

Parents warn it's 'time to put down the Fortnite' in back-to-school parody  Today

***SCIENCE

Why scientists are infiltrating music festivals  The Week

A Conversation with the Only Scientist in Congress  Scientific American

***PSYCHOLOGY

How Accessible is Psychology Data?  Discover Magazine

Studying Unpopular Ideas in Psychology  Psychology Today

***TRAVEL

The 2018 Friendliest Cities in the World  CNN

The U.S. Pizza Museum Gives Chicago a Pizza Party Sans Divisiveness  Chicago Eater  

***RESEARCH

Why We Need Whistleblowing for Research Integrity  Wiley

India cracks down on plagiarism at universities But some researchers say new rules don’t go far enough  Nature

Can automated tools reliably rate research reproducibility?  Nature Index

How to work with your institution’s press office to maximize the reach of your work  Nature

An Excel error sinks a paper Hormones and Behavior  Science Direct

Bruno and Bob going to a predatory conference  The Ice Cream Blog

***HIGHER ED

The 50 Most Beautiful College Campuses in America  CNN

British economists: Sports destroy happiness  Washington Post

Misspelling On Thousands Of Diplomas Goes Unnoticed For 6 Years  CBS Denver  

How a university punished a whistle blower  The Research Whisperer  

These Are the 727 Best Colleges in America (Mount Vernon 432, Azusa 460), MidAmerica 484, PLNU 501, Cal Baptist 639)  TIME 

Court filing: Top Baylor officials ‘concealed reports of serial sexual assault’  KWTX

Unexplained Turnover at Benedictine U  Inside Higher Ed 

***TEACHING

Online Learning Is Misunderstood: Here's How  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

Why I'm Easy: On Giving Lots of A's  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

3 things to know about the students arriving on campus this month  Education Dive 

Getting Ready for Teaching This Fall  Chronicle of Higher Ed

A professor shares some promising results from sending a personalized message to students who failed her first exam  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Report Shows Drop in Students in Teacher Ed  Inside Higher Ed

How to Escape Grading Jail  Chronicle of Higher Ed

***ACADEMIC LIFE 

She’s the world’s top empathy researcher. But colleagues say she bullied and intimidated them  Science Mag

Texas backtracks after allowing a professor banned from advising graduate students to teach undergraduates this fall  Inside Higher Ed 

Professor accused of bullying students will stop teaching immediately  The Gazette 

Self-Control can be Contagious

Not only do you tend to hang out with people like yourself, your friends will influence you toward or away from self-control. Even the people you are forced by circumstances to hang out with (like co-workers) have an influence on your behavior. 

That's the finding of researchers who asked participants to watch people either select carrot sticks or cookies to eat before taking tests related to self-control (not involving cookies and carrots). Participants who watched someone eat cookies before the tests did not do as well as those who had watched someone decide to eat carrots. 

In another test, participants were told to think of a friend with good self-control. This group performed better on a handgrip test (used to measure self-control) than did the participants assigned to think about a friend with weak self-control. Other tests showed similar results. 

Their conclusions: If you surround yourself with people who make wise choices, you are more likely to do the same. You can boost your self-control simply by networking with other people who reinforce positive behavior (or vise versa). And when you show a lack of self-control, you are probably influencing someone else to do the same. 

Details of the study were published by the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 

Stephen Goforth

anger in relationships

No one in a relationship problem is ever totally innocent or totally guilty. With this belief, people can always keep the door open to their own faults without engaging in excessive, guilt-provoking self-incrimination. Holding back anger for even a short time and engaging in self-analysis in private has the effect of tempering the expression of anger. Confession altars our goals from changing others to changing the relationship.

Gary Collins, Counseling and Anger

Tuesday Tools: Bot Detectors

Want to know if a Twitter account is run by a human or a bot? The Botometer hunts Twitter bots. A high @Botometer score suggests the account is probably automated. Accounts rated above 48% are flagged as potential bots—anything over 60% rates as a “likely” bot. It's a free product from Indiana University. 

An alternative comes from the University of New Mexico. Like the Botometer, DeBot is a bot detection system for Twitter accounts. The information is archived so it can be searched. 

Find more tools here.

Articles of Interest - Aug 6

***SOCIAL MEDIA 

Facebook Has Identified Ongoing Political Influence Campaign  MSNBC

France passes a new law banning smartphones in schools  The Next Web

What Counts as a Video View on Social Media?  Ad Week 

***PRIVACY & SECURITY

The State Of Election Security Ahead Of Midterms  NPR

Inside Russia's invasion of the U.S. electric grid  Axios 

***PRODUCING MEDIA

A zine about how to start a podcast  Alex Laughin Blog 

Annemarie Dooling on what she learned while transforming Vox’s newsletter strategy  Really Good Emails

10 ways to craft compelling Snapchat and Instagram Stories  PR Daily

***THE BUSINESS OF MEDIA  

Yahoo Finance launching live video streaming network this year  Axios

After Reportedly Losing $120 Million Last Year, Condé Nast Will Sell 3 of Its Titles  Ad Week

***JOURNALISM

Trust in mainstream American newspapers has grown, even among conservatives  Economist 

Terrorist attacks committed by Muslim extremists receive 357% more U.S. press coverage than those committed by non-Muslims  The Guardian 

What Journalists Can Learn from Organizers: A Guide  Free Press 

Should you major in journalism? Here are stories from eight working journalists who didn’t  Harvard’s Nieman Lab 

When Public Records Aren’t Public  ProPublica 

Google, working with news orgs like ProPublica, will return more datasets in search results Harvard’s Nieman Lab

***THE BUSINESS OF JOURNALISM

Newsroom employment dropped nearly a quarter in less than 10 years  Pew Research Center

The investigations and reporting of BuzzFeed News — *not* BuzzFeed — are now at their own BuzzFeedNews.com  Harvard’s Nieman Lab

***FAKE NEWS: QANON

It's Looking Extremely Likely That QAnon Is A Leftist Prank On Trump Supporters  BuzzFeed News

What is QAnon? Explaining the bizarre rightwing conspiracy theory  The Guardian 

QAnon: The Conspiracy Theorist Group That Appears At Trump Rallies  NPR

***FAKE NEWS 

Alex Jones faces existential courtroom battle over limits of fake news  My Stateman

Why We’re Sharing 3 Million Russian Troll Tweets  FiveThirtyEight 

A report on the fundamental paradox of reporting on the so-called “alt-right”: Doing so without amplifying that ideology is extremely difficult, if not downright impossible  Data Society

Snopes fired its managing editor — and she doesn't know why  Poynter  

Here's how the U.K. plans to tackle fake news  Poynter

The ACLU On Facebook's Fake Page Removals  NPR

Why Do We Share Fake News?  Illusion of More 

Fighting fake news is a losing battle, but there are other ways to win the war  Monday Note

What Does This Professor Know About Conspiracy Theorists That We Don’t?  Chronicle of Higher Ed

***PERSONAL GROWTH 

Denialism & Science  Becoming (my blog)

Do you see a duck or a rabbit: just what is aspect perception?   Aeon

***GRAMMAR

The commas that cost companies millions  BBC

Those vexatious commas  Baltimore Sun

***WRITING & READING

Listening isn't reading, but audiobooks still resonate  Wired

The art of buying books and never reading them  BBC

How technology shapes the way we read  Wired

How my smartphone revived the purity of reading  Wired

***LANGUAGE

Most European students are learning a foreign language in school while Americans lag  Pew Research Center

Can Language Slow Down Time  BBC

***LITERATURE

A Hemingway War Story Sees Print for the First Time  The New York Times

Emotions found in classic literature help us understand the universality of the human condition  State Press

***GENDER   

How women’s magazines are getting political  Bloomberg

Is Bannon right that white, college-educated women have given up on Republicans?  Washington Post

“The Matilda Effect”: How Pioneering Women Scientists Have Been Denied Recognition and Written Out of Science History  Open Culture  

Using artificial intelligence to fix Wikipedia's gender problem  Wired

Nationwide, male doctors get paid $100,000 more than female doctors  Vox

***RACE & ETHNICITY ISSUES

Even black robots are impacted by racism  Fast Company

Was It Racist for a Judge to Dismiss a Copyright Lawsuit Targeting Fox's 'Empire'?  Hollywood Reporter

***FREE SPEECH

Federal judge ruled: Michigan's Bias Response Team does not present a threat to students' rights to free speech  M-live

Fired FAU professor declares it’s his right to call Sandy Hook a hoax  My Palm Beach Post  

***LEGAL ISSUES

Legal Issues in Podcasting (particularly for broadcasters)  David Oxeford Broadcast Law Blog

***TECHNOLOGY

Michigan researchers develop new computer chip using circuits that remember how much charge has gone through them - that cuts power consumption by 100x  University of Michigan

Eight states sue to reverse administration settlement that would allow people to download blueprints to 3D-print AR-15 rifles at home  Associated Press

***BIG DATA & AI

Methods 101: What are nonprobability surveys? (video)  Pew Research Center

Major quantum computing advance made obsolete by teen who proves that ordinary computers can solve an important computing problem  Quanta Magazine

***RELIGION

Donors Pay for Gay Valedictorian to attend College after he was Rejected by his Christian parents  Washington Post

Pope Francis announced that the Roman Catholic Church now considers the death penalty unjust in all cases, a strong pivot from the Church's previous stance  Associated Press

United Methodists debate, lobby and worry in advance of LGBT decision  Religious News Service

Prosperity Gospel Taught to 4 in 10 Evangelical Churchgoers  Christianity Today

What the early church thought about God’s gender  The Conversation

Why Americans Go (and Don’t Go) to Religious Services  Pew Research Center

Jared Kushner Used To Personally Order The Deletion Of Stories At His Newspaper  BuzzFeed News

San Diego Rock Church buys former strip club in Midway District  10News

***RELIGION & SEXUAL ABUSE

He’s a Superstar Pastor: She Worked for Him and Says He Groped Her Repeatedly  New York Times

Pa. supreme court OKs release of interim report naming 300 'predator priests'  PennLive

Prominent NYC megachurch, Redeemer Church, quietly fired pastor David Kim for sexual abuse  WatchKeep

Pastor and “Creation Festival” Founder Gets 18 Years for Sexually Abusing Kids  Star Tribune 

Teaching pastor resigns over Willow Creek’s handling of allegations against Bill Hybels  Chicago Tribune

***GOOD NEWS

40 Employees At This California Hospital Lost Their Homes In The Carr Fire: They Showed Up To Work Anyway  Buzzfeed News 

This man ran the entire route of the Tour de France to raise money for mental health  SB Nation

Walmart cashier sees nail salon refuse to serve woman with cerebral palsy—so she grabs a bottle of nail polish and paints them herself  ABC-12

Cops save toddler from choking on chicken nugget  Sun Sentinel

***ART & DESIGN

25+ Geometric Tattoos Teeming With Sacred Symbols and Meanings  My Modern Met

Creative Interactive Article: See America’s New Ellis Island: A South Texas Bus Terminal  New York Times

Van Gogh’s Art Now Adorns Vans Shoes  Open Culture

What I learned from 200 design interviews  Medium  

***MUSIC

A style of music played on the guitar that pretty much no one listens to except guitar players  Populla

What Makes a Hit 60 Years of #1 Songs  Columbia Business School

***FILM

Study finds almost no increase in diversity in popular films over the last decade  Mashable

Justice Dept. to review 70-year-old movie industry antitrust rules  LA Business Journal  

***JOBS  

These Free Online Courses From Google to Boost Your Career  Inc.

***SEXUAL HARASSMENT & ASSAULT

Her Mormon college upheld her sex-assault complaint — but kicked her out anyway  Salt Lake Tribune

Diocese names 71 accused of child sex abuse, blames bishops  Associated Press

***ACADEMIC LIFE

Chinese professor forced off live TV by police  CNN

***SOCIAL ISSUES

One chart that shows how much worse income inequality is in America than Europe  Vox

Americans are now spending 11 hours each day consuming media  Quartz

How companies make millions charging prisoners to send an email  Wired

Police kill about 3 men per day in the US, according to new study  The Conversation

The Outsize Hold of the Word ‘Welfare’ on the Public Imagination  New York Times

***BUSINESS & FINANCE

How to lead like Abraham Lincoln  Quartz

I Read the 1936 Book That Launched Warren Buffett's Career and It's Truly Inspiring  Inc

***ENVIRONMENT

U.S. Supreme Court Refuses to Halt Teenagers’ Climate Lawsuit  Bloomberg

That’s Not Algae Swirling on the Beach. Those Are Green Worms (and no one knows why)  New York Times

***HEALTH

A surgeon in North Carolina wanted to offer less expensive MRIs. But he couldn't. There's a law preventing him from doing so  Vox

Could a blood test lead to new treatments for depression  Health News Review

An Appalachian odyssey: Hunting for ALS genes along a sprawling family tree  Stat News

***FAMILY

The Age That Women Have Babies: How a Gap Divides America  New York Times

***TRAVEL

The most relaxing vacation you can take is going nowhere at all  Quartz

***SCIENCE

What Would Happen If the Earth Turned Into Blueberries? Thanks to a New Paper, Now We Know  Chronicle of Higher Ed

The Value of Criticism in science Statistical Modeling, Causal Inference, and Social Science Andrew Gelman Blog

Beyond #FakeScience: how to overcome shallow certainty in scholarly communication  London School of Economics and Political Science

Anti-Vaccine Activists Have Taken Vaccine Science Hostage  New York Times

Can Science Save Politics? Or Will Politics Ruin Science?  FiveThirtyEight

***PSYCHOLOGY

There Is More to Behavioral Economics Than Biases and Fallacies  Behavioral Scientist

Psychology's New Normal? Data Badges  Center for Open Science

Cognitive Biases and the Human Brain  The Atlantic

Mental health: depression and anxiety in young mothers is up by 50% in a generation  The Conversation

***NEUROSCIENCE  

How the brain transforms vision into action  Stat News

How Indirect Violence Gets Under a Child’s Skin — and Into the Brain Even if a youngster does not witness a violent crime or know the victim  Undark

***PRODUCTIVITY

10 Things That Steal Our Motivation—and How to Get It Back  Shine

Knowing when to quit a project  Journalists.org

For maximum recharge, take a Wednesday off  Quartz

The 25 Best Productivity Apps in 2018  Zapier

***RESEARCH

These Professors Don’t Work for a Predatory Publisher. It Keeps Claiming They Do  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Should I be proud of my h index?  Eco-Evo Evo-Eco

Little White Lies in Healthcare Publishing  Scholarly Kitchen  

Retraction Watch leaderboard: it now takes 38 retractions to get into the top 10  Retraction Watch

What is the value of the peer‐reviewing system? (opinion)  Wiley Online Library

***HIGHER ED

Over 11 million US adults live in an education desert  Flowing Data

What do top colleges have against transfer students? (opinion)  Washington Post

Malcolm Gladwell: Rich Americans contribute too much money on 'meaningless education'   CNBC

Ethical questions from the use of big data for student success  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Baylor reform group calls on regents to resign  KWTX

Christian student group sues U of Iowa, incites debate on religious freedom  Inside Higher Ed

Catholic College sued for defrauding Sodexo of $1.35 million  JC Online

***TEACHING

How New Classrooms Can Help Professors Think More Deeply About Teaching  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

New Trigger Warnings Study Confirms Potential Harm to Students  National Coalition Against Censorship 

How New Classrooms Can Help Professors Think More Deeply About Teaching  Chronicle of Higher Ed

***STUDENT MEDIA  

Poynter, Koch Foundation expand impact in year two of program for college journalists  Poynter

Five tips for reporting on hiring searches for administrators  Student Press Law Center 

***STUDENT LIFE

'Google-it' mentality leaves school leavers unprepared for university, survey finds  Telegraph

Poll: young Americans are looking for young leaders - and are pessimistic about the current state of politics  Associated Press 

The Gaping Divide Over Student Debt (opinion)  New Republic 

Denialism and Science

Denialism, and related phenomena, are often portrayed as a “war on science”. This is an understandable but profound misunderstanding. Certainly, denialism and other forms of pseudo-scholarship do not follow mainstream scientific methodologies. Denialism does indeed represent a perversion of the scholarly method, and the science it produces rests on profoundly erroneous assumptions, but denialism does all this in the name of science and scholarship. Denialism aims to replace one kind of science with another – it does not aim to replace science itself. In fact, denialism constitutes a tribute to the prestige of science and scholarship in the modern world. Denialists are desperate for the public validation that science affords.

While denialism has sometimes been seen as part of a post-modern assault on truth, the denialist is just as invested in notions of scientific objectivity as the most unreconstructed positivist. Even those who are genuinely committed to alternatives to western rationality and science can wield denialist rhetoric that apes precisely the kind of scientism they despise. Anti-vaxxers, for example, sometimes seem to want to have their cake and eat it: to have their critique of western medicine validated by western medicine.

The rhetoric of denialism and its critics can resemble each other in a kind of war to the death over who gets to wear the mantle of science. The term “junk science” has been applied to climate change denialism, as well as in defence of it. Mainstream science can also be dogmatic and blind to its own limitations. If the accusation that global warming is an example of politicised ideology masked as science is met with indignant assertions of the absolute objectivity of “real” science, there is a risk of blinding oneself to uncomfortable questions regarding the subtle and not-so-subtle ways in which the idea of pure truth, untrammelled by human interests, is elusive. Human interests can rarely if ever be separated from the ways we observe the world.  

I do not believe that, if only one could find the key to “make them understand”, denialists would think just like me. If denialists were to stop denying, we cannot assume that we would then have a shared moral foundation on which we could make progress as a species.

Keith Kahn-Harris, Denial: The Unspeakable Truth  

Articles of Interest - July 30

 ***SOCIAL MEDIA 

Instagram Rich List 2018  Hopper HQ

Twitter wants to know why Twitter is so toxic  Fast Company

***FACEBOOK

Everything bad about Facebook is bad for the same reason  Quartz

Tracking Facebook’s fortunes in six charts  Reuters

Oliver takes on Facebook (video) John Oliver

***PRIVACY 

Was it ethical for Dropbox to share customer data with scientists?  Wired 

TSA surveillance program tracking American citizens not suspected of any crimes  CBS News 

***INTERNET

Is a meme born in a private account still a meme?  Wired 

IoT Is Here: Internet Of Things Eclipses The Internet Of People  Investors

***DIGITAL SECURITY

Former Trump official: No one 'minding the store' at White House on cyberthreats  Yahoo News

We have the first documented case of Russian hacking in the 2018 election  Vox

***TECHNOLOGY

Canada is using ancestry DNA websites to help it deport people  Vice 

All the Things Satellites Can Now See From Space  Bloomberg

***TECH SECURITY

Hackers break into voting machines within 2 hours at Defcon  CBS News

Russians Are Targeting Private Election Companies, Too — And States Aren’t Doing Much About It  FiveThirtyEight 

***BIG DATA & AI 

Choosing between Python and R Programming languages for Data Science  Noteworthy, The Journal Blog

Developers who train machine-learning algorithms have found that it often makes sense to build things that function like toasters rather than droids  Aeon

Linking Spatial Analysis across Disciplines with R  Directions Mag

Combining design instincts with data interpretation and analysis  UxDesign***JOURNALISM

I reported alongside soldiers in foxholes: The president can’t take that away  Washington Post 

How spies and investigative reporters think alike  International Consortium of Investigative Journalists

A news station aired a photo of a stabbing victim holding what looks like a gun. Here's why that's problematic  Poynter 

Teens Are Debating the News on Instagram More teenagers are getting their information from so-called flop accounts  The Atlantic

More than two dozen resources journalists can use for mentoring, sourcing, invoicing and more  Poynter 

What is the most effective way to develop sources? A senior reporter answers  iNews Source

***JOURNALISM & POLITICS

Trump Asked To Reconsider Anti-Media Talk  Associated Press

California Congressman casts the dominant newspaper in his California district as working with radical left-wing groups  Politico

***THE BUSINESS OF JOURNALISM

Guardian Media Group digital revenues outstrip print for first time  The Guardian 

About a third of large U.S. newspapers have suffered layoffs since 2017  Pew Research Center

Twenty two percent of Latino journalists say they are considering leaving the journalism profession, national survey shows  Borderzine 

McClatchy records another big revenue drop and a loss for the second quarter  Poynter

***JOURNALISM OUTSIDE THE U.S. 

Why Bolivia’s oldest journalist association went digital to defend press freedom  Medium

BBC experiments with new virtual studio to better explain the news to young people across Africa   Journalism.co 

Six Journalism Startups Illustrating the Unique Pressures Driving Media Innovation in Europe   Nieman Reports

***LOCAL NEWS 

Local news sites rise as newspapers face cuts  Axios

Who suffers when local news disappears  Columbia Journalism Review 

Neutral feelings about local news present opportunity to build trust  NewsCo/Lab

***FAKE NEWS

How Facebook could dodge fake news land mines  Axios

Trump: Black is White, “What you’re seeing and what you’re reading is not what’s happening”  New York Times

How to Teach Information Literacy in an Era of Lies  Chronicle of Higher Ed

When fact-checkers are the subjects of misinformation  Poynter 

In Brazil, right-wing activists are protesting Facebook — and fact-checkers are caught in the crosshairs  Poynter

The 'guerrilla' Wikipedia editors who combat conspiracy theories  Wired

Shadow politics: meet the digital sleuth exposing fake news  Wired

***PERSONAL GROWTH 

Is it Relatable?  When "relatability" becomes the sole interpretive lens  Becoming (my blog)

Stats reveal how generous Americans are with their time  CNN

How being 30-years-old has changed over the last 50 years  Axios

***GRAMMAR

Grammar purity is one big Ponzi scheme  LitHub

“Akron, Ohio resident” or “Akron, Ohio, resident.” Do you need a comma?  Chronicle of Higher Ed

***WRITING & READING

Irony Makes Its Mark  Chronicle of Higher Ed

We asked, you delivered: Your writing tips — and one reporting tip  Poynter

***PLAGIARISM

Inspiration or plagiarism? Writing hackles raised in Boston Book Festival story program  Boston Globe

Community College trustee says she accepts responsibility for her 2011 dissertation found to contain several pages of plagiarized material  ABC-13

News & Observer found 14 cases of ‘plagiarism or inadequate attribution’  iMediaEthics

***LANGUAGE

Justice Department: Use 'illegal aliens,' not 'undocumented'  CNN

Chart: The Most Difficult Languages To Learn For English Speakers  Statista

***LITERATURE

The Autobiography of Malcolm X sold at auction to NY Public Library  CNN

Forbes deleted a deeply misinformed op-ed arguing Amazon should replace libraries  Quartz

What Exactly is Jane Austen’s Sanditon?  Daily Jstor

***GENDER   

Women poised to overtake white men among House Democrats  Axios

A new study finds that while the proper restrooms are important to transgender students, they want much more to feel comfortable on their campuses  Inside Higher Ed

***RACE & ETHNICITY ISSUES

How Elite Schools Stay So White  New York Times

Asian-American influencers make their mark on the US mainstream  Nielsen

What’s an Anti-Semite? It Depends on Which Politician You Ask  Chronicle of Higher Ed

NJ Radio Station Suspends 2 Hosts for Calling Sikh Attorney General ‘Turban Man’  iMediaEthics

In 1969, black football players protested against the racist policies of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints  Aeon

Why It's Time To Retire The Disparaging Term 'White Trash'  NPR

***LEGAL ISSUES

A sarcastic comment on a meme about guns leads to an arrest and then a lawsuit: An appeals court took the commenter’s side  Tech & Marketing Law Blog

GoDaddy & Instagram Avoid Liability for Users’ Photos of Knockoff Goods  Tech & Marketing Law Blog

***RELIGION

Shoppers with Strong Religious Beliefs Spend Less and Make Fewer Impulse Purchases  Harvard Business Review

Black Millennials are more religious than other Millennials  Pew Research Center

Artificial Intelligence Shows Why Atheism Is Unpopular  The Atlantic

An online church for gamers: Va. pastor draws thousands to worship on Twitch  Washington Post

Pope Francis accepted the resignation a top church official in the US Roman Catholic Church, amid a widening sexual abuse scandal  Associated Press

Black, white churches merge in Florence, South Carolina  SC News

Trump's religious freedom squad promises to deliver  Politico

***GOOD NEWS

Mr. Rogers was my actual neighbor. He was everything he was on TV and more  Vox

Bus Driver Stops Route So He Can Help Blind Passenger Maneuver Road Work  Fox 6

Hiker Fights Snow, Rain and Rough Terrain to Carry Injured Lost Dog Down Mountain to Safety  MSNBC

Homeless man lands a job thanks to a police officer's good deed  MSNBC

***ART & DESIGN

See the Best iPhone Photos of 2018  Fortune

Designing with Data Interpreting and Analyzing Data as a Designer  Undesign

No one cares about your logo: Let’s take some pressure off logos–they really don’t need to work so hard. Here’s what drives your brand instead  Fast Company

Is the US leaning red or blue? Different election maps suggest different stories  Wired

***MUSIC

What a music conductor actually does on stage (video)  Vox 

What is ASMR?  Open Culture

***FILM

American vs. European views of sex and violence  Quartz ***STUDENT LIFE

Millennials talk millennials: why we're unique  Nielsen

Georgia Southern releases statement regarding student's use of racial slur gone viral  The George-Anne

Campus newsrooms rethink their approach to race  Christian Science Monitor

***SEXUAL HARASSMENT & ASSAULT

In Kentucky, A 'Culture Of Indifference' To Sexual Harassment In Prisons  NPR

Larry Nassar, the former Michigan State University physician was assaulted within hours of being released into the general population of a high-security federal prison  Detroit News

How a Rant Against Short Shorts Overturned the ‘Good Ol’ Turtle Boy Club’  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Sexual Harassment (video)  John Oliver

***SOCIAL ISSUES

The enormous number of unsolved murders in America  Washington Post

Interactive map of the 2016 election Political Bubbles  New York Times

***BUSINESS & FINANCE

Your Business’s Financial Statements 101  Daily Infographic

Why Europeans Have Such Long Summer Vacations  Daily Jstor

Unproductive Meetings Cost U.S. Companies $9 Billion Annually  Daily Infographic

***ENVIRONMENT

Here's How Bad The Heat Has Been Around The World  Digg 

Why California Goes its own way on the Environment  Bloomberg

***HEALTH

U.S. Smoking Rate Hits New Low at 16%  Gallup

Marines Who Fired Rocket Launchers Now Worry About Their Brains  NPR

Hospitals know how to protect mothers: They just aren’t doing it  USA Today

Fool’s gold: what fish oil is doing to our health and the planet  The Guardian

Vox is clear about drawbacks of new endometriosis drug  Health News Review  

***HEALTH: EATING & DRINKING

What 1,500 Calories Looks Like at 25 Fast Food Chains  Daily Infographic

New Research: Even mild dehydration can throw you off tasks that require complex processing or on tasks that require a lot of their attention  NPR

Yelp adds health inspection scores for restaurants, and restaurateurs are not happy  Washington Post
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/voraciously/wp/2018/07/24/yelp-adds-health-inspection-scores-for-restaurants-and-restaurateurs-are-not-happy/

***HEALTH & TECHNOLOGY

IBM Watson Reportedly Recommended Cancer Treatments That Were 'Unsafe and Incorrect'  Gizmodo

How Does HIPAA Apply to Wearable Health Technology?  Health IT Security

***HEALTH RESEARCH

New Alzheimer's Drug Slows Memory Loss in Early Trial Results  CNN  

Can gene therapy halt diseases in babies before they’re even born?  Stat News

***FAMILY

Judge Orders Government to find “missing parents”  MCNBC

People Shared The Biggest Mistakes They Made During The First Year Of Parenthood  BuzzFeed News

463 Migrant Parents May Have Been Deported Without Their Kids  New York Magazine

Separated Parents Were "Totally Unaware" They Had Waived Their Right To Be Reunified With Their Children  BuzzFeed

ICE agents pressured parents to be deported with their children — then separated them again when they refused  Vox

Why parents shouldn't force food on picky children, according to a new study  Newsweek

***PSYCHOLOGY 

A Person Can Instantly Blossom into a Savant--and No One Knows Why  Scientific American

Why Being Nice at Work Can Backfire Badly, According to Psychology  Inc Magazine

U.S. psychology group set to modify rules on interactions with military detainees  Science Mag

11 Psychology Experiments That Went Horribly Wrong  Reader’s Digest

Your dog and cat wish they could tell you this  Washington Post

***NEUROSCIENCE  

Why are there so many suckers? A neuropsychologist explains  The Conversation

Strange Stories of Extraordinary Brains—and What We Can Learn From Them (paywall)  Wall Street Journal

The theory of mind myth Even experts can’t predict violence or suicide. Surely we’re kidding ourselves that we can see inside the minds of others  Aeon

***PHILOSOPHY

What Is Stoicism? A Short Introduction to the Ancient Philosophy That Can Help You Cope with Our Modern Times  Open Culture 

Why cosmology without philosophy is like a ship without a hull  Aeon

***HISTORY

He found 15 books in a dumpster: Then he found out they belonged to Thomas Jefferson  Sacramento Bee    

The Scopes 'Monkey' Trial Pitted Science Against Religion: Watch Rare Footage  history.com

***ETHICS

How evil happens Why some people choose to do evil remains a puzzle, but are we starting to understand how this behaviour is triggered?  Aeon

Public Views of Gene Editing for Babies Depend on How It Would Be Used  Pew Research Center

***RESEARCH

Two Researchers Challenged a Scientific Study About Violent Video Games—and Took a Hit for Being Right  Motherboard

Should computer science peer reviewers weight negative societal consequences?  Nature

What does it mean to “take responsibility for” a paper?  Scientist Sees Squirrel

I got a hoax academic paper about how UK politicians wipe their bums published  The Conversation

Should We Rethink the Way We Evaluate Research?  The Wire

Should basic research on humans follow the same rules as studies testing drugs?  Science Magazine

The gap of scientific authority over research assessment is being filled by database providers  London School of Economics & Political Science

Has the tide turned towards responsible metrics in research?  The Guardian

Why highly cited articles are not highly tweeted? A biology case  Springer

The Role of Theory in Research  Elife Science

The 10 most common mistakes when choosing a title for your paper  Peer J Blog

How important is it to present at conferences early in one’s career?  The Research Whisperer

***HIGHER ED

Attorney general Jeff Sessions: Colleges Are Creating ‘a Generation of Sanctimonious, Sensitive, Supercilious Snowflakes,’  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Private-College Closures at 11 Per Year  Inside Higher Ed

Colleges encouraged to split with ICE  Chicago Sun-Times

Ed Dept plans to nix the Obama rule which sought to hold colleges accountable for programs whose graduates didn't find jobs but carried heavy student-loan debts  New York Times

Republicans and Democrats Both Think Higher Ed’s on the Wrong Track — for Very Different Reasons  Chronicle of Higher Ed

Georgia Tech mistakenly releases data about nearly 8,000 students  Atlanta Journal-Constitution

***HUMANITIES 

Mark Cuban says (and Elon Musk agrees): “I personally think there’s going to be a greater demand in 10 years for liberal arts majors than there were for programming”  CNBC

***TEACHING

Can you accurately predict educational outcome from DNA? The Results of an Enormous Gene Study  The Atlantic 

New study shows that splitting attention between lecture and cellphone or laptop use hinders long-term retention-and other students suffer  Inside Higher Ed

How to Prepare for Class Without Overpreparing  Chronicle of Higher Ed 

***ACADEMIC LIFE 

Scholars on Twitter weighed in on what they wish they could tell their younger selves about life in academe  Twitter 

On the breadth of faculty job applications  Small Pond Science 

Jury Finds Columbia Business Professor Liable for Retaliation Against Female Ex-Colleague  New York Law Journal